Emigration to the New World
When this web site is completed, this page will have an essay on emigration from Germany. It will examine pressures to emigrate, applying for permission, ports of embarkation, costs, length of voyage, and other factors involved in leaving hearth and home for a new life in a strange land. I hope to be able to discuss the circumstances of emigrating to both North and South America.
In the meantime on this web site I can offer:
- Migration of the Fiegenbaum-Peterjohann family
- A not-yet-finished essay which discusses the probable date when Adolph Heinrich and Christine Elisabeth (Peterjohann) Fiegenbaum family left the Province of Westphalia, Kingdom of Prussia (Provinz Westfalen, Königreich Prueßen) for the U.S.A. — 1832, 1833, or 1834.
- Leontine passenger list, 1841
- A transcription of the passenger list of the bark Leontine, which departed Bremen, Germany and arrived in Baltimore, Maryland on 28 June 1841. On board were members of the Fiegenbaum, Aufderhaar, and Bierbaum families, a total of 13 persons, emigrating from Ladbergen, the Province of Westphalia, Kingdom of Prussia to Missouri, USA.
- Iduna passenger list, 1869
- A discussion of the passenger list of the Iduna which departed Hamburg, Germany on or about 13 August 1869 with 122 passengers from various locales in the Kindgom of Prussia bound towards Rio Grande do Sul, Empire of Brazil. One of the "families" on board were Ernest Friedrich Wilhelm Fiegenbaum (1838-1911) and Sophia Elisabeth (Berlemann) Fiegenbaum (1830-1907), five of their children (ages 15 to 1 year) and Friederike Schroer, age 22.
Elsewhere on the internet are these resources which I have found helpful:
- American Emigration from the Southern part of Oldenburg
- A lecture by Franz-Josef Tegenkamp at the Oldenburg Genealogical Society in 1997.
- Emslanders to the American Mid-West
- This well-organized site concentrates on Emsland, a portion of Niedersachsen (Lower Saxony) in northwestern Germany. It also has good general information on emigration from Germany.
- Emigration from Oldenburg, 1830-1880
- An article available in both German and English: Ostendorf, Johannes. "A History of Emigration from old Amt Damme (Oldenburg), in Particular to North America, in the Years 1830-1880," Oldenburger Jahrbuch des Landesvereins für Geschichte und Heimatkunde, 46/47 (1942-1943), pages 164-297.
- The Immigration Story of Ernst Bohning, 1843
The Bohning family of Barkhausen, Kingdom of Hanover, departed from Bremen and landed in Baltimore, Maryland, before settling in Cleveland, Ohio. Ernst Bohning was 10 years old at the time. Some many years later, he wrote down his recollections of the family's journey.
This diary used to be available on the internet, but I have not been able to find it for many years now. I have saved a digital copy of the site, but for copyright reasons am not able to make if available here. Ed Paha, in connection with his genealogy research, has posted a copy on his web site.
- The Immigration Diary of Michael Friedrich Radke, 1848
- Michael Friedrich Radke's memoir of the conditions of his life near Berlin, his desire for more favorable circumstances for himself and his family, their sea voyage from Bremen to Baltimore and the struggle to find a fruitful home in the USA is a compelling, but too-short document.
- Immigration Diary of Friedrich Nohl, 1849
- Karl Friedrich Eberhard Nohl was born on 7 August 1807 at Remlingrade (now in the state of Nordrhein-Westfalen (North Rhine-Westphalia), Federal Republic of Germany). In 1849 he and his family left Germany for the United States and settled in Ripon, Wisconsin, where Friedrich died in August 1882. The diary is a record of the family's six-week voyage.