More Information, On- and Off-line
I have benefited from a great many resources in learning about our family and the times in which it has lived. I can't begin to acknowledge everything I have made use of, but perhaps you will find this list helpful as a starting place for your own research.
If you have done any genealogical work on the internet, you probably have already assembled your own impressive collection of favorite links. There is no point in trying to re-invent the wheel here...well, not all of it, at least. I can't help but throw in my own 2 cents worth.
Don't overlook the Books and Articles listed under the categories of Digital Collections and Selected Bibliography (both print and digital). They are listed last, but they are definitely not least in their value for historical research.
This is a subscription-based repository of a wide range of genealogical material. A Library Edition, with access to most, but not all, of the same information in the commercial edition, is often available for patrons at public and academic libraries.
One should exercise caution with the compiled databases gleaned from unidentified sources. The textual indexing of some resources is not always as accurate as it might be. Ancestry.com is at its best when it serves up digital images of documents, allowing you to examine the primary sources yourself. You need to be creative and persistent in your searches; and do not expect to find success in the first two pages of results.
- Cyndi's List of Genealogical Sites
This site has an extensive list of internet links. Make sure you have food and water within reach if you plan to explore this resource. Or, take these short cuts:
- FamilySearch.org - Family History and Genealogy Records
- This site is owned by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (commonly known as the Mormons), who have long had an interest in genealogy. Some of the data here should be used with caution. Source citations are often missing and some of the information has been submitted by researchers who might not have worked to the high standards you uphold.
This appears now to be part of the Ancestry.com community. As of September 2014 it greatly curtailed its services. A lot of content was withdrawn. What remains cannot be revised; only deleted.
GenForum message boards, Family Tree Maker homepages, and the most popular articles remain available in a read-only format on Genealogy.com, meaning the pages are preserved to allow you to view, but not edit information.
- National Genealogical Society
- This resource used to advertise itself as the oldest and largest site devoted to the free distribution of genealogical information. It is now part of the Ancestry.com community and some resources have been absorbed by that organization.
- WorldGenWeb Project
- "The WorldGenWeb Project is a non-profit, volunteer based organization dedicated to providing genealogical and historical records and resources for world-wide access!"
- Baden-Württemberg GenWeb
- Bayern-Bavaria GenWeb
- Familienforschung Tecklenburger Land (TEFAM) e.V.
- This is Sandra Reiter's extensive collection of information and web links connected to family research relating to Tecklenburg in northwestern Germany.
- FEEFHS - Federation of East European Family History Societies
- Genealogy.net in German in English
- Resources for genealogists conducting research in German-speaking areas of Europe.
- Germany GenWeb Project
- Heimatbund für das Oldenburger Münsterland
- HIS-Data: Aktuelle und historische westeuropäische Territorien mit ihren Verwaltungsgliederungen.
- Historical geo-political information about places in Germany compiled by Hans-Walter Pries.
- Internetportal "Westfälische Geschichte"
- Ladbergen Genealogy Database
- Bill Roege's transcription of the church records from Ladbergen, Germany available as a GEDCOM file. This web site, at AOL's Hometown, was permanently shut down in October 2008 and I have not found it's new "home."
- Ladbergen (Nordrhein-Westfalen). The village's official web site
- Ladbergen - encyclopedia article
- Ladbergen in the German language version of Wikipedia
- Naturwissenschaftlicher und Historischer Verein für das Land Lippe e.V.
- Genealogical research in Lippe.
- Niedersachsen GenWeb (in English)
- Nordrhein-Westfalen GenWeb
- Navigation is a bit of a challenge, but this site has much information connected with the present-day state of Nordrhein-Westfalen (North Rhine-Westphalia) in Germany. Note that most of the political boundaries used at this site are post World War II and may not accurately reflect the state of affairs at the time your ancestors lived there.
- Westfälischen Gesellschaft für Genealogie und Familienforschung (WGGF)
- U.S. Biographies Project
Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Michigan Minnesota Missouri Nebraska Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Wisconsin
- USGenWeb Project
- This organization is run by a group of volunteers "working to provide free genealogy websites for genealogical research in every county and every state of the United States. This Project is non-commercial and fully committed to free genealogy access for everyone." At this site you will find general information and links to all of the sites connected with the USGenWeb Project. Check it out.
Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Michigan Minnesota Missouri Nebraska Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Wisconsin
- Immanuel/Immanuels United Church of Christ at Holstein, Warren County, Missouri. Jane (Lichte) Denny's web site with photos of Immanuels United Church of Christ (founded in 1839 as the German Lutheran Church on Charrette); the three church cemeteries; and selected gravestones.
- Missouri Genealogy Trails
- St. Charles County, Missouri GenWeb project
- St. John's Church - History
- A brief history of the church at Cappeln, St. Charles County, Missouri
- St. Paul's Cemetery Association
- A project to make available online the cemetery records and photos of the gravestones at historic St. Paul's Church at Bay, Gasconade County, Missouri
- Warren County, Missouri GenWeb project
- Brazil GenWeb - Genealogia no Brasil
- CAPEF: Centro de Apoio a Pesquisas e Encontros Familiares (Brasil)
- The Center of Support to Researches and Family Encounters is located in Teutônia, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. The web site is largely in Portuguese, but there are some pages in English. CAPEF has information about the family of Ernesto Frederico Guilherme Fiegenbaum and his wife Sophia Berlemann, who emigrated from Germany to Brazil in 1869. See a photo and brief genealogical facts here.
- German migration to Brazil
- Amerikanetz: Network for Westphalian Emigration to America since the 19th Century
- The introductory page here is in English; the rest of the site is in German.
- Auswanderung Lippe-USA
- A database and reports on emigration from Lippe (often called Lippe-Detmold) based on the research of the Naturwissenschaftlicher und Historischer Verein für das Land Lippe e.V. Upper level pages are in German and English; data is in German only.
- Emslanders to the American Mid-West
- This well-organized site concentrates on Emsland, a portion of Niedersachsen (Lower Saxony). It also has good general information on emigration from Germany.
- The Immigration Story of Ernst Bohning, 1843
- The Bohning family of Barkhausen, Kingdom of Hanover, departed from Bremen and landed in Baltimore, Maryland, before settling in Cleveland, Ohio. Ernst Bohning was 10 years old at the time. Some many years later, he wrote down his recollections of the family's journey.
This diary used to be available on the internet, but has now disappeared. If anyone has information about its whereabouts, please drop me a line.
- Emigrants from Kreis Meschede and Kreis Olpe (Westfalen) to the USA
- Information about emigration from later in the 19th century, including some letters.
- Emigration from Oldenburg, 1830-1880
- An article available in both German and English: Ostendorf, Johannes. "A History of Emigration from old Amt Damme (Oldenburg), in Particular to North America, in the Years 1830-1880," Oldenburger Jahrbuch des Landesvereins für Geschichte und Heimatkunde, 46/47 (1942-1943), pages 164-297.
- Immigrant Ships Transcribers Guild (ITSG)
- Immigration Diary of Friedrich Nohl, 1849
- The Immigration Diary of Michael Friedrich Radke, 1848
- Michael Friedrich Radke's memoir of the conditions of his life near Berlin, his desire for more favorable circumstances for himself and his family, their sea voyage from Bremen to Baltimore and the struggle to find a fruitful home in the USA is a compelling, but too-short document.
- TheShipsList: Passengers, Ships, Shipwrecks
- This site is a little dis-organized, but among all these links is some very helpful information (some of it off-site). Don't give up too soon.
Libraries, Archives, and Databases
- Bureau of Land Management / General Land Office Records
- "We provide live access to Federal land conveyance records for the Public Land States.... This site offers researchers a source of information on the initial transfer of land titles from the Federal government to individuals."
- Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System (CWSS)
- The National Park Service is in the process of assembling electronic databases of records of veterans of the Civil War. It includes records for Civil War Prisons.
- Historical United States Census Data Browser
- With this interactive database at the University of Virgina Library, you can analyze national census data from 1790 to 1970, by state, county, race, age, sex and occupation. If you want to know how many free white males aged 30-39 living in Warren County, Missouri where engaged in agriculture in 1840, this is the place to find the answer (1,192 individuals in a county-wide population of 4,253 were engaged in agriculture; 215 were free white males 30-39 and 188 were free white females of the same age).
- Illinois State Archives
- The State of Illinois is doing a great job putting the resources of the state archives online - births, marriages, deaths, military records, land sales, etc. You will find this site easy to navigate and searching is very straight-forward, with clear instructions close at hand. Material is being added on a regular basis; check back from time to time.
- Illinois State Library
- Midwest Genealogy Center at 3440 S. Lee's Summit Road, Independence, Missouri., part of the Mid-Continent Public Library (MCPL) system.
- Part of the Mid-Continent Public Library (MCPL) system, this facility is devoted to local and state history and genealogy. Among other resources at your disposal are the National Archives' microfilm series on the federal census for Missouri, Civil War military records, and immigration and ships passenger lists indices. The web site will give you access to catalogues of the library's holdings, some of which are available through inter-library loan. There is a nice list of links of interest to genealogists and historians. The library and the web site are well worth a visit.
- Missouri Digital Heritage
More than 9 million records can be accessed through Missouri Digital Heritage, including the collections of the Missouri State Archives, the Missouri State Library and other institutions from across the state.
Selected Collections More
- Missouri Birth & Death Records Database, Pre-1910
- Text-only index.
- "...an abstract of the birth, stillbirth, and death records recorded before 1909 and that are available on microfilm at the Missouri State Archives."
- "The database currently contains over 185,000 records from 87 counties."
- Missouri Death Certificates, 1910 - 19__
- AN EXCELLENT RESOURCE. Provides access to digitized images of the original death certificates.
- "containing death records created after 1910 and over 50 years old, makes that information available online through a searchable index that links to a digitized image of the original death certificate."
- To decipher the medical terminology in the death certificates, try MedlinePlus Medical Dictionary at the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
- Missouri County History Project
- Sponsored by the Missouri State Library. 115 published volumes covering county histories from all over the state. Some volumes offer regional coverage. "The majority of these volumes are in the public domain. Permission for the use of copyrighted materials was provided by a variety of institutions."
- Missouri County Plat Books Project
- "The Missouri County Plat Books collection is a selection of county atlases and plat books from all over the state published from 1875-1930. There are currently 141 volumes in this collection." "All volumes are in the public domain. Contact contributing institution for reproduction request."
- Missouri Platbooks, circa 1930
- "In 1930 W. W. Hixson and Co. of Rockford, Illinois published plat books of townships in counties throughout Missouri. These volumes document the ownership and locations of plots of land in Missouri counties, plot sizes, and the owner's name for each plot of land within the townships."
- Naturalization Records, 1816 - 1955
- Text-only index.
- "Abstracts of citizenship records from 22 Missouri counties."
- Soldiers' Records: War of 1812 - World War I
- Text-only index.
The Soldiers Database is a comprehensive database abstracted from the individual service cards and listing more than 576,000 Missourians who served in the military from territorial times through World War I. It includes entries for twelve wars and military engagements in which Missouri soldiers took part. These range from well-known wars, such as the War of 1812, the Mexican War, the Spanish-American War, and World War I, to the battles that were peculiarly Missourian, including the Heatherly War of 1836, the Mormon War of 1838, and the Iowa (Honey) War of 1839. The bulk of the service cards, over 380,000 of them, record the fractured history of Missouri during the bloodiest of all American wars - the Civil War.
- Missouri's Judicial Records
- The St. Louis Probate Court Digitization Project 1802-1900 is now part of this larger collection.
- Missouri State Library
- NARA - U.S. National Archives and Records Administration
- This agency is the nation's attic, basement and back closet when it comes to saving paperwork. Be sure to check out the section on Genealogy. The agency's holdings are not on-line at this site, but you will find helpful articles about what is available elsewhere and advice about how to focus your research.
- National Personnel Records Center (NPRC)
- The National Archives and Records Administration maintains two personnel records centers, both located in St. Louis, Missouri. The Military Personnel Records (MPR) facility houses the service and medical records for discharged and deceased military personnel who served in the 20th century. Records for federal civilian employees (1900-present) are maintained at the Civilian Record Facility. To obtain military records for service before World War I, contact the National Archives and Records Administration in Washington, DC.
- Social Security Death Index at: RootsWeb. Genealogy.com.
- Each web site handles the search differently. Be sure to read the explanations about which Social Security numbers are included and which are not included in the database.
- St. Charles City-County Library District - Local History and Genealogy
- Serving St. Charles County, Missouri. You'll find a useful list of links here. Be sure to visit the Digital Image Gallery
- University of Missouri Digital Library
- Western Historical Manuscript Collection
- A collection of primary source material at the University of Missouri.
- Western States Marriage Record Index
- This is an online database created and maintained by the McKay Library, Family History Center at BYU-Idaho
- Wisconsin Local History and Biography Articles Collection
Museums & Historical Sites
Genealogical and Historical Societies
- Boone-Duden Historical Society
- Jefferson County Historical Society
- Missouri State Genealogical Society
- Northwest Missouri Genealogical Society (NWMGS)
- Ozarks Genealogical Society
- St. Charles County Genealogical Society
- St. Charles County Historical Society
- St. Louis Genealogical Society
- State Historical Society of Missouri
- Washington County Historical Society
- Niedersachsen (Lower Saxony) Germany
- Westfalen (Westphalia) Germany
Maps and Photos
- American Memory
- A project of the U. S. Library of Congress, this is a gateway to a public digital collection of primary source material from the nation's history.
- Center for Applied Research and Environmental Systems (CARES)
- This site at the University of Missouri, Columbia is an excellent source for GIS data and interactive maps of the state of Missouri. Configure a map to fit your needs and download it.
- Baden-Württemberg GenWeb
- There are two pages indexing the maps on this site. Page One shows thumbnail images of a number of historical maps for the German speaking areas of Europe, from Roman times to after WW II. Page Two gives a number of thumbnail images of the Duchy of Baden, the Kingdom of Württemberg, and of Central Europe (from 1648-1866). Clicking on a thumbnail image will open a large, high-quality image of each map (download times may be rather long, depending on the quality of your connection).
- Geodatenatlas Kreis Steinfurt
- An interactive map of contemporary Kries Steinfurt based on GIS data. Ladbergen is located in this administrative district of Bundesland Nordrhein-Westfalen, BRD.
- Geographic Names Information System
- Sponsored by the U.S. Department of the Interior and the U.S. Geological Survey. Search for place names and geographic features. I have found the search engine a little suspect; it is not aware of two mountains I can see from my home. Also, I believe that the database does not include information on historical features. There are links to maps.
- GOV - the Genealogical Gazeteer
- A database of geographical place-names for genealogical research in Germany; a project from the Verein für Computergenealogie. In English and German. Try the ExpertView to see a place's geopolitical setting through history.
- Historical Atlas - Germany
- Thomas Höckmann provides maps, essays and historical data on the geopolitical development of Germany.
- A digital, historical atlas of Europe offered free for personal use by the Institute of European History, Mainz.
- Library of Congress - American Memory - Map Collections
- An effort by the Geography and Map Division of the Library of Congress to make a portion of its more than 4.5 million items available to the public in digital form.
- National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency GEOnet Names Server (GNS)
- "The GEOnet Names Server (GNS) provides access to the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency's (NGA) and the U.S. Board on Geographic Names' (US BGN) database of foreign geographic feature names." Here, the term "foreign" means "non-USA" geographical place names. The database is updated monthly.
- National Atlas of Canada
- Search, view and download maps of Canada.
- Perry-Castañeda Historical Map Collection
- A large collection of online maps at the University of Texas.
- Tiger Mapping Service
- Notice on this web site as of 26 June 2011:
"As of late May 2010, the TIGER Map Service will no longer be available. This application used geography from the 1990 Census. The Census Bureau determined that it was time to retire the service."
"We are working on new web mapping services which we hope to release in conjuction with the 2010 Census data in early 2011. We are sorry for any inconvenience this change may cause."
Vistors are directed to the site's home page for additional information.
- U. S. Gazetteer - U. S. Census Bureau
- Philippi, Friedrich. Geschichte Westfalens. Paderborn: Ferdinand Schöningh Verlag, 1926.
- A digital copy of this book available from the library of the Universität Bielefeld contains two maps which show territories in the region of Westphalia during 1801 (page 196), and 1812 (page 197) when the area was occupied by the 1st French Empire.
- RootsMagic Genealogy Software
- This is a replacement program for the earlier Family Origins software. I am very pleased with its features and have found it indispensable over the years in helping me keep track of the family history. It is the primary digital tool I use to marshal my genealogical data. I recommend this product highly.
- The Next Generation of Genealogy Sitebuilding (TNG)
- TNG is a powerful way to manage and display your genealogy data online. All information is stored in MySQL database tables and is dynamically displayed with PHP. Installation and maintenance are within the skill level of most intermediate computer users. I use this software for only the database section of this web site, but you can certainly use it for your entire web site. There are a variety of templates available. It may also be installed in a wiki or a CMS such as WordPress. Check out the TNG web site for a through explanation of all features and to test a working demonstration.
- Citing Your Sources
- Documenting your genealogical work properly is essential. This article will help you get a handle on this matter:
- How to Cite Sources, by John Wylie.
- Family Relationships
- Have you ever wondered whether that pesky "2nd cousin, twice removed" is a close enough relative that you have to be nice to him at the next family reunion? These resources might help you figure out who should be in the family and who is definitely out.
- Handwriting and Printed German Script
- Speak like a native
Plautdietsch - Mennonite Low German Dictionary
- This is an on-line, interactive version of Herman Rempel's Kjenn Jie Noch Plautdietsch (1984).
- Block Home Page
- John L. Block has collected much information on the Block family. He has an extensive genealogical database of German emigrants from Hannover and Westphalia to Gasconade and Warren Counties, Missouri.
- Familie Broekroelofs
- The Broekroelofs family, of the Netherlands (from Radewijk in the municipality of Hardenberg in the province of Overijssel), are related to the Fiegenbaums through the Weitkamp family. This web site (in Dutch) develops the Fiegenbaum-Weitkamp-Broekroelofs genealogy (Stamboom Fiegenbaum) and presents an album of photos from Ladbergen in August 2008 (click on the image to go to a Picasa web album).
- Carol Lee (Winter) Comp's Web Site
- Carol shares her research on the Winter family and related surnames, of which Fiegenbaum is one.
- Fiegenbaum Family Genealogy
- Our genealogical database at the WorldConnect Project at RootsWeb.com.
- The Freese Family
- The descendants of Johan B. J. and Cath. Elizabeth (Kühlmann) Freese.
- Miller-Buddemeyer Family Tree
- Genealogical research from Chandra A. (Miller) Hoffman.
- Klöpfer, Kloepfer, and Kleopfer Genealogy
- Research from Robert Douglas Kleopfer, the great-great-grandson of Jacob Kleopfer (1824-1896), who immigrated from Bavaria to the USA in 1842.
- Kluckhohn Family in America
- "The earliest Kluckhohns (1650 or so) are recorded at the parishes of Lemgo and of Talle, in the Prinicipality of Lippe-Detmold, about 40 km (25 mi) Southwest of Hannover. Between 1848 and 1856 many Kluckhohns and their kin removed from Bavenhausen to Chicago, IL. From there they spread to Cedar Lake, IN, Stitzer, WI, Hancock and Plymouth Counties in Iowa. By 1997 we can be found as far away as Australia and Antarctica." Presented by Robert H Kluckhohn.
- Born In Bavenhausen: Kluckhohns Worldwide
- Another presentation by Robert H Kluckhohn.
- Friedrich Ludwig Meier from Hannover Germany (Niedersachen): Indiana to Kansas
- Dwayne Meyer has posted his research on the Meier (or Meyer) family at the RootsWeb WorldConnect Project. From the opening page, search for a name (Fiegenbaum might be one place to start).
- Patty Onek's Family Genealogy Site
- This site (formerly at <www.osprey.net/~kspatty/> ) has disappeared from the internet. If you know where it now lives, please drop me a line. Older versions have been captured by the Way Back Machine at Internet Archives <http://wayback.archive.org/web/*/http://www.osprey.net/~kspatty/>.
- Keeper of the Family
- This web site by Susan "Suzi" Marie (Dewsnap) Terrell has photos and personal remembrances of some members of the Sexauer and McDougal families, who are related to the Fiegenbaums through Wilhelmine Christine Elizabeth Fiegenbaum (1853-1943), eldest child of Rev. Friedrich Wilhelm and Louisa (Otto) Fiegenbaum.
- Theodor Tempel Family
- A site created by John A. Lefman devoted to the family of Theodor Tempel (1879-1959) and Emma Starkebaum (1880-1902).
Note the new URL as of 25 March 2009.
- Fritz Lefmann
- Another site by John A. Lefman with research on the family of Friedrich "Fritz" Wilhelm Lefmann (1838-1909) and Maria Justina Louisa Kampe (1846-1920).
- Wietholter Family -- Ladbergen - New Knoxville
- Stan Wietholter, of New Knoxville, Ohio, has traced his Wietholter family history back to his 6th great-grandparents, Jacob Heinrich Wietholter (b.1697) and Christina Kattmann (b.1705), of Ladbergen, Westphalia, Germany.
Books and Articles
- Google Book Search
- By filtering your search for "Full view only" you can concentrate on complete texts. These titles are generally in the public domain and a PDF file is available for downloading.
- Family History Archive
- Complete genealogical and historical texts that are part of the digital collections available online through the Harold B. Lee Library at Brigham Young University.
- Historic Missouri Newspaper Project
- Illinois Digital Archives
- A wide variety of digital resources from the Illinois State Library. This is part of the much larger Digital Illinois web presence, a consortium of libraries in Illinois with digital collections from libraries, historical societies, museums, and other cultural institutions in the state.
- This is an ongoing process to digitize selected books from the print collection of over 11 million volumes at The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. The University is a participant in the Open Content Alliance (OCA), a program of the Internet Archive, and many of these title are also available at that web site.
- Making of America (MOA)
- Started in 1995 by the University of Michigan and Cornell University, the Making of America is a "digital library of primary sources in American social history primarily from the antebellum period through reconstruction."
- Missouriana Digital Text Collection
- A collection of digital texts in the University of Missouri Libraries Digital Library. The entire collection is very broad in scope, covering the state's history, geology, literature, agriculture and the Civil War in Missouri.
- The Text Archive
- This section of The Internet Archive web site is an open-access collection of complete digital texts from libraries, museums, educational and research institutions and individual volunteers.
Aaslestad, Katherine. "Paying for War: Experiences of Napoleonic Rule in the Hanseatic Cities." Central European History, volume 39, number 4 (December 2006), pages 641-675.
Aaslestad, Katherine, and Karen Hagemann. "1806 and Its Aftermath: Revisiting the Period of the Napoleonic Wars in German Central European Historiography." Central European History, volume 39, number 4 (December 2006), pages 547-579.
Aengenvoort, Anne. Migration, Siedlungsbildung, Akkulturation: die Auswanderung Nordwestdeutscher nach Ohio, 1830-1914. Vierteljahrschrift für Sozial- und Wirtschaftsgeschichte; Beihefte Nr. 150. Stuttgart: F. Steiner, 1999.
Aley, Ginette. "Knotted Together Like Roots in the Darkness: Rural Midwestern Women and Region - A Bibliographic Guide." Agricultural History, volume 77, number 3 (2003), pages 453-481.
Alumnal Association of Iowa Wesleyan College. Historical Sketch and Alumni Record of Iowa Wesleyan College. Mount Pleasant, Iowa: Alumnal Association of Iowa Wesleyan College, 1917.
American Ancestry: Giving Name and Descent, in the Male Line, of Americans Whose Ancestors Settled in the United States Previous to the Declaration of Independence, A.D. 1776.. Volume 11: Embracing Lineages from the Whole of the United States, 1898. Albany, New York: Joe Munsell's Sons, 1898.
Anderson, Joseph Ferguson. Methodist Dictionary: a Brief Work On Methodist Terminology: Prepared in the Interest Of Ministers, Members, and Friends of the Methodist Episcopal Church. New York: Eaton and Mains, 1909.
Anderson, Robin L. "A Government-Directed Frontier in the Humid Tropics: Pará, Brazil, 1870-1920." Agricultural History, volume 55, number 4 (October 1981), pages 392-406.
Anderson, Timothy Gene. Immigrants in the World-system: Domestic industry and industrialization in northwest Germany and the migration to Osage County, Missouri, 1835-1900. Ph.D. dissertation. Texas A & M University, 1994. Digital xerographic reprint. Ann Arbor, Michigan: University Microfilms International, 2004.
Anderson, Timothy Gene. "Proto-Industrialization, Sharecropping, and Outmigration in Nineteenth-Century Rural Westphalia." Journal of Peasant Studies, volume 29, number 1 (October 2001), pages 1-30.
Andrews, Lorenzo F. Pioneers of Polk County, Iowa And Reminiscences of Early Days. 2 volumes. Des Moines: Baker-Trisler Company, 1908.
Annals of Brown County, Kansas: From the Earliest Records to January 1, 1900. Compiled and published by Grant W. Harrington, editor and publisher Kansas Democrat. Hiawatha, Kansas: Harrington Printing Company, 1903.
Atack, Jeremy. "Tenants and Yeomen in the Nineteenth Century." Agricultural History, volume 62, number 3, Quantitative Studies in Agrarian History (Summer 1988), pages 6-32.
Atack, Jeremy, Erik F. Haites, James Mak, and Gary M. Walton. "The Profitability of Steamboating on Western Rivers: 1850." Business History Review, volume 49, number 3 (Autumn 1975), pages 346-354.
Atlas of Lafayette County, Missouri 1914. Tuttle & Pike, civil engineers. Higginsville, Missouri: George Scott, 1914.
Atlas of Lafayette County, Missouri. Rockford, Illinois: W. W. Hixson & Company, [1920?].
Bahlmann, Paul. Der Regierungsbezirk Münster: seine Zusammensetzung, Eintheilung und Bevölkerung. Münster: Druck und Verlag der Aschendorffschen Buchhandlung, 1893.
Baines, Dudley. "European Emigration, 1815-1930: Looking at the Emigration Decision Again." Economic History Review, New Series, volume 47, number 3 (August 1994), pages 525-544.
Baker, Joseph Eugene, editor. Past and Present of Alameda County, California. Two volumes. Chicago, Illinois: S. J. Clarke Publishing Company, 1914
Baltzer, Friedrich. Alma Mater; Story of College Life Written in Commemoration of the Fiftieth Anniversary of Elmhurst College at Elmhurst, Illinois. St. Louis, Missouri: Eden Publishing House, 1921.
Barz, Raymond, and Allen Barz, editors. Our Barz Heritage. [Iowa Falls, Iowa]: Raymond and Allen Barz, 1970.
Bateman, Newton, and Paul Selby, editors. Historical Encyclopedia of Illinois; and, History of Christian County, edited by Henry L. Fowkes. 2 volumes. Chicago: Munsell Publishing Company, 1918.
Bates, Alan L. The Western Rivers Steamboat Cyclopoedium, or American Riverboat Structure & Detail, Salted with Lore with a Nod to the Modelmaker. Leonia, New Jersey: Hustle Press, 1968.
Bates, William Henry. Souvenir of Early and Notable Events in the History of the North West Territory, Illinois, and Tazewell County, Including the Names of Those Who Have Served the County in Various Official Capacities. Pekin, Illinois: W. H. Bates, 1916.
Die Bau- und Kunstdenkmäler des Kreises Tecklenburg: Im Auftrage des Provinzial-Verbandes der Provinz Westfalen. Bearbeitet von A. Ludorff, mit geschichtlichen Einleitungen von Dr. A. Brennecke. Münster i. W.: Kommissions-Verlag von Ferdinand Schöningh, 1907.
• Band 21: Kreis Tecklenburg.
Baxter, Angus. In Search of Your German Roots. A Complete Guide to Tracing Your Ancestors in the Germanic Areas of Europe. 3rd edition. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1994.
Beckerath, Hilde von. Das niederdeutsche Dorf. Hansische Welt no. 3. Braunschweig; Hamburg: Verlag Georg Westermann, 1921.
Beggs, Stephen R. Pages from the Early History of the West and North-west: Embracing Reminiscences and Incidents of Settlement and Growth, and Sketches of the Material and Religious Progress of the States of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, and Missouri, with Especial Reference to the History of Methodism. Cincinnati, Ohio: Printed at the Methodist Book Concern, R. P. Thompson, printer, 1868.
Bek, William G. "Followers of Duden." Missouri Historical Review, volume 14, number 1 (October 1919) - volume 19, number 2 (January 1925).
• Note: This is a not very tightly organized series of 18 articles united by the common theme of being about early German immigrants to eastern Missouri. Some articles are numbered; some are not.
All of the issues of the Missouri Historical Review associated with William G. Bek's series are freely available online at the State Historical Society of Missouri.
Bek, William G. The German Settlement Society of Philadelphia and its colony, Hermann, Missouri. Philadelphia: Americana Germanica Press, 1907.
Bek, William G. "Hermann Garlichs - Theologian." Followers of Duden: Thirteenth Article. Missouri Historical Review, volume 18, number 1 (October 1923), pages 36-54.
Bek, William G. "Survivals of Old Marriage-Customs Among the Low Germans of West Missouri." Journal of American Folklore, volume 21, number 80 (January-March 1908), pages 60-67.
The Bench and Bar of Illinois; Historical and Reminiscent.. Edited by John M. Palmer. 2 volumes. Chicago, Illinois: Lewis Publishing Company, 1899.
Bergerson, Andrew Stuart. Ordinary Germans in Extraordinary Times: the Nazis Revolution in Hildesheim. Boomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 2004.
Berkner, Lutz K. "Inheritance, Land Tenure and Peasant Family Structure: a German Regional Comparison." In Jack Goody, Joan Thirsk, and E. P. Thompson, editors, Family and Inheritance: Rural Society in Western Europe, 1200-1800 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1976).
Betts, Philip J. F. "Marriage Alliances, Household Composition and the Role of Kinship in Nineteenth-Century Farming." Local Population Studies, volume 66 (Spring 2001), pages 34-52.
Billigmeier, Robert Henry. Americans from Germany: a Study in Cultural Diversity. Belmont, California: Wadsworth Publishing Company, 1974.
A Biographical and Genealogical History of Southeastern Nebraska. 2 volumes. Chicago: Lewis Publishing Company, 1904.
Biographical and Historical Memoirs of Adams, Clay, Hall and Hamilton Counties, Nebraska, Comprising a Condensed History of the State, a Number of Biographies of Distinguished Citizens of the Same, a Brief Descriptive History of Each of the Counties Mentioned, and Numerous Biographical Sketches of the Citizens of such Counties..... Chicago: Goodspeed Publishing Company, 1890.
Biographical History Of Crawford, Ida And Sac Counties, Iowa: Containing Portraits Of All the Presidents of the United States, With Accompanying Biographies, a Condensed History of Iowa, With Portraits and Biographies of the Governors of the State, Engravings of Prominent Citizens of the Counties, With Personal Histories of Many of the Early Settlers and Leading Families. Chicago: Lewis Publishing Company, 1893.
Biographical Review of Henry County, Iowa: Containing Biographical and Genealogical Sketches of Many of the Prominent Citizens of To-day and Also of the Past. Chicago, Illinois: Hobart Publishing Company, 1906.
Blanning, T. C. W. "The French Revolution and the Modernization of Germany." Central European History, volume 22, number 2 (June 1989), pages 109-129.
Blanning, T. C. W. The French Revolution in Germany: Occupation and Resistance in the Rhineland 1792-1802. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press, 1983.
Bode, Henry. Builders of our Foundation. Webster Groves, Missouri: privately printed, 1940.
Bogue, Allan. From Prairie to Corn Belt: Farming on the Illinois and Iowa Frontier in the Nineteenth Century. Chicago: University of Chicago, 1963.
The Book of Minnesotans: a Biographical Dictionary of Leading Living Men of the State of Minnesota. Edited by Albert Nelson Marquis. Chicago, Illinois: A. N. Marquis & Company, 1907.
Boone-Duden Historical Society. 1993 Cemetery Update for Femme Osage Township in St. Charles County, MO. New Melle, Missouri: Boone-Duden Historical Society, 1995.
Boone-Duden Historical Society. 45 Warren County, Missouri Cemeteries. Volume 1. New Melle, Missouri: Boone-Duden Historical Society, 1995.
Bosse, George von. Das Deutsche Element in den Vereinigten Staaten Unter Besonderer Berücksichtigung Seines Politischen, Ethischen, Sozialen Und Erzieherischen Einflusses. Stuttgart: Chr. Belsersche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 1908.
Brady, Dorothy S. "Relative Prices in the Nineteenth Century." Journal of Economic History, volume 24, number 2 (June 1964), pages 145-203.
Brandt, Edward R., et al. Germanic Genealogy: A Guide to Worldwide Sources and Migration Patterns. St. Paul, Minnesota: Germanic Genealogy Society, 1995.
Breihan, B. C., A. A. Leifeste, C. F. Schüssler, Wm. Mahowski, and Wilhelm Buehrer. Kurze Geschichte der Südlich-Deutschen Konferenz zum 50jährigen Jubiläum, 1872-1922. Jubiläums-Ausgabe der Südlich Deutschen Konferenz in Texas und Louisiana. S.l.: s.n., 1922.
Bremer, Bertha G., James M. Kirk, Joe E. Gunnerson. Centennial History of Hamilton County. Aurora, Nebraska: Hamilton County Centennial Association, 1967.
Breuilly, John. The Formation of the First German Nation-State 1800-1871. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1966.
Breuilly, John. "Napoleonic Germany and State-formation," in Collaboration and Resistance in Napoleonic Europe: State-formation in an Age of Upheaval, c. 1800-1815, edited by Michael Rowe (Basingstoke, England; New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003), pages 121-152.
Brown County Genealogical Society. Mount Hope Cemetery. Hiawatha, Kansas: Brown County Genealogical Society, 2003
Brownstone, David M., and Irene M. Franck. Facts About American Immigration. New York: H. W. Wilson Company, 2001.
Bruns, Henrietta Geisberg. Hold Dear, As Always: Jette, a German Immigrant Life in Letters. Adolf E. Schroeder and Carla Schulz-Geisberg, editors. Columbia, Missouri: University of Missouri Press, 1988.
Bryan, William Smith, and Robert Rose. A History of the Pioneer Families of Missouri, with Numerous Sketches, Anecdotes, Adventures, etc., Relating to Early Days in Missouri. Also the Lives of Daniel Boone and the celebrated Indian chief Black Hawk, with Numerous Biographies and Histories of Primitive Institutions. St. Louis, Missouri: Bryan, Brand and Company, 1876.
Buley, Ernest Charles. South Brazil; Physical Features, Natural Resources, Means of Communication, Manufactures and Industrial Development. New York, New York: D. Appleton & Company, 1914.
Burnett, Robyn & Ken Luebbering. German Settlement in Missouri. New Land, Old Ways. Columbia, Missouri: University of Missouri Press, 1996.
Burns, E. Bradford. A History of Brazil New York: Columbia University Press, 1970.
Burns, E. Bradford. "A Working Bibliography for the Study of Brazilian History." The Americas, volume 22, number 1 (July 1965), pages 54-88.
Butterfield, Consul Willshire. History of La Crosse County, Wisconsin: Containing an Account of its Settlement, Growth, Development and Resources: an Extensive and Minute Sketch of its Cities, Towns and Villages - Their Improvements, Industries, Manufactories, Churches, Schools and Societies: its War Record, Biographical Sketches, Portraits of Prominent Men and Early Settlers: the whole Preceeded by a History of Wisconsin, Statistics of the State, and an Abstract of its Laws and Constitution and the Constitution of the United States. Chicago: Western Historical Company, 1881.
• The German Methodist Church is covered on pages 569-570, where Rev. H. J. [sic] Fiegenbaum and Rev. H. R. Fiegenbaum are mentioned.
Cannon, Brian Q. "Immigrants in American Agriculture." Agricultural History, volume 65, number 1 (Winter 1991), pages 17-35.
Cemetery Records of Missouri. Compiled by the Daughers of the American Revolution Chapters of Missouri. 3 volumes. Chillicothe, Missouri: Elizabeth Prather Ellsberry, 1965.
Centennial History of Madison County, Illinois and Its People, 1812 to 1912. Edited and compiled by W. T. Norton; associate editors: N. G. Flagg, J. S. Hoerner. 2 volumes. Chicago, Illinois: Lewis Publishing Company, 1912.
Centennial McKendree College with St. Clair County History. Edited by Joseph Guandolo. Lebanon, Illinois: McKendree College, 1928.
Central Wesleyan Bulletin, volume 13, number 5 (September 1914). 1864-1914; Commemorative Volume; Fiftieth Anniversary, Central Wesleyan College, Warrenton, Missouri, May-June, 1914.
Chittenden, Hiram Martin. History of Early Steamboat Navigation on the Missouri River: Life and Adventures of Joseph LaBarge, Pioneer Navigator and Indian Trader For Fifty Years Identified With the Commerce of the Missouri Valley. 2 volumes. New York: Francis P. Harper, 1903.
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Genealogical Society. Church Records of Germany. Series C, No. 29. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Inc., 1975.
Clapham, J. H. The Economic Development of France and Germany, 1815-1914. 2nd edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1923.
Clark, Charles M. The History of the Thirty-Ninth Regiment Illinois Volunteer Veteran Infantry (Yates Phalanx) in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1865. Chicago, Illinois: Published under the auspices of the Veteran Association of the Regiment, 1889.
Cohn, Raymond L. "Mortality on Immigrant Voyages to New York, 1836-1853." Journal of Economic History, volume 44, number 2 (June 1984), pages 289-300.
Colton, Joseph Hutchins. The Western Tourist and Emigrant's Guide, with a Compendious Gazetteer of the States of Ohio, Michigan, Indiana, Illinois, and Missouri, and the Territories of Wisconsin and Iowa; Being an Accurate and Concise Description of Each State, Territory and County, and an Alphabetical Arrangement of Every City, Town, Post Village or Hamlet - the County in Which They are Situated, Their Distance from the Capital of the State, and from Washington City. Also, Describing All the Principal Stage Routs [sic], Canals, Rail-Roads, and the Distances Between the Towns. Accompanied With A Correct Map, Showing the Lines of the United States' Surveys, by J. Calvin Smith. New York: J. H. Colton, 1840, c1839.
• Note: This was first published in 1839 and reprinted numerous times.
Combined History of Randolph, Monroe and Perry Counties, Illinois; with Illustrations Descriptive of Their Scenery and Biographical Sketches of Some of Their Prominent Men and Pioneers. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: J. L. McDonough & Company, 1883.
Conard, Howard Louis, editor. Encyclopedia of the History of Missouri: a Compendium of History and Biography for Ready Reference. 6 volumes. New York; Louisville; St. Louis: The Southern History Company, 1901.
Connelley, William Elsey. A Standard History of Kansas and Kansans. 5 volumes. Chicago, Illinois: Lewis Publishing Company, 1918.
Connelly, Owen. Napoleon's Satellite Kingdoms. New York: Free Press, 1965.
Conzen, Kathleen Neils. Immigrant Milwaukee, 1836-1860: Accommodation and Community in a Frontier City. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1976.
Conzen, Kathleen Neils. "Immigrants, Immigrant Neighborhoods, and Ethnic Identity: Historical Issues." Journal of American History, volume 66, number 3 (December 1979), pages 603-615.
Conzen, Kathleen Neils. Making Their Own America: Assimilation Theory and the German Peasant Pioneer. Annual Lecture Series, No. 3. Washington, D.C.: German Historical Institute, 1990.
Conzen, Kathleen Neils. "Peasant Pioneers: Generational Succession Among German Farmers in Frontier Minnesota" in Steven Hahn and Jonathan Prude, editors, The Countryside in the Age of Capitalist Transformation: Essays in the Social History of Rural America (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press,1985), pages 259-292.
Conzen, Michael P. "Local Migration Systems in Nineteenth-Century Iowa." Geographical Review, volume 64, number 3 (July 1974), pages 339-361.
Cott, Nancy F., Jeanne Boydston, Ann Braude, et al, editors. Root of Bitterness; Documents of the Social History of American Women. 2nd edition. Boston, Massachusetts: Northeastern University Press, 1996.
Curti, Merle, and Kendall Birr. "The Immigrant and the American Image in Europe, 1860-1914." Mississippi Valley Historical Review volume 37, number 2 (September 1950), pages 203-230.
Curtiss-Wedge, Franklyn. The History of Winona County, Minnesota. 2 volumes. Chicago: H. C. Cooper, Jr. & Company, 1913.
Cutright, Melitta J. An Ever-Widening Circle: The Elmhurst College Years. Elmhurst, Illinois: Elmhurst College Press, 1995.
The Daily News' History of Buchanan County and St. Joseph, Mo., from the time of the Platte Purchase to the end of the Year 1898. Prededed by a Short History of Missouri. Supplemented by Biographical Sketechs of Noted Citizens Living and Dead. St. Joseph, Missouri: St. Joseph Publishing Company, 1899.
Daniels, William Haven. The Illustrated History of Methodism in Great Britain and America, from the Days of the Wesleys to the Present Time. Methodist Book Concern, 1880, c1879.
Detjen, David W. The Germans in Missouri, 1900-1918: Prohibition, Neutrality, and Assimilation. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1985.
Diekmann, John A. 1896-1936 Fortieth Anniversary of the Bethesda Institutions: Cincinnati, Ohio.. Cincinnati, Ohio: s. n. (Press of the C. J. Krehbiehl Company), 1936.
Dinnerstein, Leonard, and David M. Reimers. Ethnic Americas; a History of Immigration and Assimilation. New York: Dodd, Mead & Company, 1975.
Dixon, J. M., blind editor. Centennial History of Polk County, Iowa. Authorized by the Board of Supervisors of Polk County. Mrs. J. M. Dixon and J. W. Doughty, amanuenses. Des Moines: State Register, printer, 1876.
Dobbert, G. A. "German-Americans Between New and Old Fatherland, 1870-1914." American Quarterly, volume 19, number 4 (Winter 1967), pages 663-680.
Dobbs, Hugh Jackson. History of Gage County, Nebraska: a Narrative of the Past, with Special Emphasis upon the Pioneer Period of the County's History, its Social, Commercial, Educational, Religious, and Civic Development from the Early Days to the Present Time. Lincoln, Nebraska: Western Publishing and Engraving Company, 1918.
Dollarhide, William. The Census Book: A Genealogist's Guide to Federal Census Facts, Schedules, and Indexes. North Salt Lake, Utah: HeritageQuest/UMI Publishing, 2001.
Domschcke, Bernhard. Twenty Months In Captivity: Memoirs Of A Union Officer In Confederate Prisons. Translation of Zwanzig Monate in Kriegs-Gefangenschaft by Frederic Trautmann. Rutherford, New Jerssy: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 1987.
Dorpalen, Andreas. "The German Element and the Issues of the Civil War." Mississippi Valley Historical Review, volume 29, number 1 (June 1942), pages 55-76.
Douglas County, Kansas, Marriage Records, 1885-1897. Volume 2. Compiled by Edna Willing and Vivian Clough; indexed by Richard Wellman. Lawrence, Kansas: Douglas County Kansas Genealogical Society, 2008.
Douglass, Paul F. The Story of German Methodism: Biography of an Immigrant Soul. New York: Methodist Book Concern, 1939.
Drury, John. This is Tazewell County, Illinois; An Up-to-date Historical Narrative with County Map and Many Uniquie Aerial Photographs of Cities, Towns, Villages and Farmsteads. American Aerial County History Series, no. 5. Chicago, Illinois: Loree Company, 1954.
Duden, Gottfried. Report on a Journey to the Western States of North America and a Stay of Several Years Along the Missouri (During the Years 1824, '25, '26, and 1827). James W. Goodrich, editor. Columbia, Missouri: State Historical Society of Missouri and University of Missouri Press, 1980.
• This is an annotated English translation. According to Walter D. Kamphoefner, the introduction gives "exaggerated importance to emigration societies"
Dunlevy, James A., and Henry A. Gemery. "The Role of Migrant Stock and Lagged Migration in the Settlement Patterns of Nineteenth Century Immigrants." Review of Economics and Statistics, volume 59, number 2 (May 1977), pages 137-144.
Dunn, David, Paul N. Crusius, Josias Friedli, et al. A History of the Evangelical and Reformed Church. Philadelphia: Christian Education Press, 1961.
Dyer, Frederick H. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion, Compiled and Arranged from Official Records of the Federal and Confederate Armies, Reports of the Adjutant Generals of the Several States, the Army Registers and Other Reliable Documents and Sources. Des Moines, Iowa: Dyer Publishing Company, 1908.
Eaton, David W. How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named. Columbia, Missouri: State Historiacal Society of Missouri, 1916.
Edwards Brothers of Missouri. An Illustrated Historical Atlas of Warren County, Missouri. Compiled, Drawn and Published From Personal Examinations and Surveys by Edwards Brothers, of Missouri. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Edwards Brothers, of Missouri, 1877.
Elliott, Joseph Peter. A History of Evansville and Vanderburgh County, Indiana. A Complete and Concise Account from the Earliest Times to the Present, Embracing Reminiscences of the Pioneers and Biographical Sketches of the Men Who Have Been Leaders in Commercial and Other Enterprises. Evansville, Indiana: Keller Printing Company, 1897.
Ellis, James Fernando. The Influence of the Environment on the Settlement of Missouri; Dissertation Presented to the Faculty of the Graduate School of Saint Louis University in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy. St. Louis, Missouri: Webster Publishing Company, 1929.
Ellsberry, Elizabeth Prather. Buchanan County, Missouri Marriage Records, 1839-1855. Chillicothe, Missouri: Elizabeth Prather Ellsberry, 1961.
Ellsberry, Elizabeth Prather. Lafayette County, Missouri Marriage Records, 1821-1850. Chillicothe, Missouri: Elizabeth Prather Ellsberry, n.d.
Ellsberry, Elizabeth Prather. Lincoln County, Missouri Marriage Records, 1825-1844. Chillicothe, Missouri: Elizabeth Prather Ellsberry, 1961.
Ellsberry, Elizabeth Prather. Marriage records of Audrain County, Missouri, 1836-1879. Chillicothe, Missouri: E. P. Ellsberry, [1960-1969?].
Ellsberry, Elizabeth Prather. Marriage Records of Jackson County, Missouri, 1827-1860. Volume 1. Chillicothe, Missouri: Elizabeth Prather Ellsberry, n.d.
Ellsberry, Elizabeth Prather. Marriage Records of Jefferson County, Missouri 1821-1848. Chillicothe, Missouri: Elizabeth Prather Ellsberry, n.d.
Ellsberry, Elizabeth Prather. Marriage Records of Jefferson County, Missouri 1848-1869. Chillicothe, Missouri: Elizabeth Prather Ellsberry, n.d.
Ellsberry, Elizabeth Prather. Marriage Records of Saline County, Missouri 1820-1850. Chillicothe, Missouri: Elizabeth Prather Ellsberry, 1959.
Ellsberry, Elizabeth Prather. Marriage Records of Saline County, Missouri, 1851-1869. Chillicothe, Missouri: Elizabeth Prather Ellsberry, n.d.
Ellsberry, Elizabeth Prather. Will Records of Saline County, Missouri, 1821-1863. Chillicothe, Missouri: Elizabeth Prather Ellsberry, n.d.
Elmhurst Academy and Junior College. Festschrift zum Goldenen Jubiläum = Souvenir of the Golden Jubilee, 1871-1921; June 5 1921. Elmhurst, Illinois: Elmhurst Academy and Junior College, 1921.
Engelbert Kerckerinck zur Borg, Freiherr von. Beiträge zur Geschichte des Westfälischen Bauernstandes. Edited by Hans-Joachim Behr. Reprint of the 1919 [i.e. 1912] edition, [Berlin: Verlagsbuchhandlung P. Parey]. Münster/Hiltrup: Landwirtschaftsverlag, 1988
Engelsing, Rolf. Bremen als Auswandererhafen, 1683-1880. Bremen: Veröffentlichungen aus dem Staatsarchiv der Freien Hansestadt Bremen, 1961.
Ermarth, Michael. "Hyphenation and Hyper-Americanization: Germans of the Wilhelmine Reich View German-Americans, 1890-1914." Journal of American Ethnic History, volume 21, number 2 (Winter 2002), pages 33-58.
Essellen, M. F. Geschichte der Graftschaft Tecklenburg. 1877.
Evangelical Synod of North America. Evangelical Catechism. St. Louis, Missouri: Eden Publishing House, 1929.
Everest, Kate Asaphine. "Early Lutheran Immigration to Wisconsin." Transactions of the Wisconsin Academy of Science, Arts and Letters, volume 8, (1888-1889), pages 288-298.
Everest, Kate Asaphine. How Wisconsin Came by its Large German Element. Reprinted from Volume 12 of Wisconsin Historical Collections. Madison, Wisconsin: State Historical Society of Wisconsin, 1892.
Faust, Alfred Bernhardt. The German Element in the United States. 2 volumes. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1909.
Fellows, Stephen Norris. History of the Upper Iowa Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church, 1856-1906. S. L.: s. n. the author, 1907 (Cedar Rapids, Iowa: Laurance Press).
Ferreira, Arthus Filho. História Geral do Rio Grande do Sul, 1503-1964. 3rd edition. Porto Alegre, Brasil: Editôra Globo, 1965.
Fertig, Christine. "Rural Society and Social Networks in Nineteenth-Century Westphalia: The Role of Godparenting in Social Mobility." The Journal of Interdisciplinary History, volume 39, number 4 (Spring 2009), pages 497-522.
Fertig, Christine, Volker Lünnemann, Georg Fertig. "Inheritance, Succession, and Familial Transfer in Rural Westphalia, 1800–1900." The History of the Family, volume 10, number 3 (2005), pages 309-326.
Filby, P. William, and Mary K. Meyer, eds. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index. Detroit, Michigan: Gale Publishing Co., 1981- .
Fischbach, Deloris, ed. Our Times: New Knoxville Sesquicentennial, 1836-1986. New Knoxville, Ohio: New Knoxville Historical Society, 1986.
Fisher, Herbert Albert Laurens. Studies in Napoleonic Statesmanship: Germany. Oxford, U.K.: Clarendon Press, 1903.
Fischer, Wolfram. "Rural Industrialization and Population Change." Comparative Studies in Society and History, volume 15, number 2 (March 1973), pages 158-170.
Foley, William E. The Genesis of Missouri: From Wilderness Outpost to Statehood. Columbia, Missouri: University of Missouri Press, 1989.
Forbes, Ian L. D. "German Informal Imperialism in South America Before 1914." The Economic History Review, New Series, volume 31, number 3 (August 1978), pages 384-398.
Ford, Guy Stanton. "The Prussian Peasantry Before 1807." American Historical Review, volume 24, number 3 (April 1919), pages 358-378.
Ford, Guy Stanton. Stein and the Era of Reform in Prussia, 1807-1815. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1922.
Ford, J. E. A History of Moniteau County, Missouri. California, Missouri: M. H. Crawford, 1936.
Forster, Walter O. Zion on the Mississippi: the Settlement of the Saxon Lutherans in Missouri, 1839-1841. St. Louis, Missouri: Concordia Publishing House, 1953.
Forsythe, James L. "Environmental Considerations in the Settlement of Ellis County, Kansas." Agricultural History, volume 51, number 1, Agriculture in the Great Plains, 1876-1936: A Symposium (January, 1977), pages 38-50.
Frank, Emil. Heimatgeschichte aus dem Kreise Tecklenburg. 2. Auflage. Ibbenbüren: Ibbenbürener Vereinsdruckerei, 1900.
Frank, Emil. Sagen und Geschichten aus dem Kreise Tecklenburg. Ibbenbüren: Vereinsdruckerei, 1920.
Frazier, Ian. Family. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1994.
Friesen, Gerhard K., and Walter Schatzberg, editors. The German Contribution To the Building of The Americas: Studies in Honor of Karl J. R. Arndt. Worcester, Massachusetts: Clark University Press, 1977.
Frizzell, Robert W. Independent Immigrants: A Settlement of Hanoverian Germans in Western Missouri . Columbia, Missouri: University of Missouri Press, 2007.
Frizzell, Robert W. "Migration Chains to Illinois: Evidence from German-American Church Records," Journal of American Ethnic History, volume 7, number 1 (Fall 1987), pages 59-73.
Fulwider, Addison L. History of Stephenson County, Illinois: a Record of its Settlement, Organization, and Three-quarters of a Century of Progress. 2 volumes. Chicago, Illinois: S. J. Clarke Publishing Company, 1910.
Funke, Alfred. Aus Deutsch-Brasilien: Bilder aus dem Leben der Deutschen im Staate Rio Grande do Sul. Leipzig: Druck und Verlag von B. G. Teubner, 1902.
Furtado, Celso. Economic Growth of Brazil: a Survey from Colonial to Modern Times. Translated from the Portuguese by Ricardo W. de Aguiar and Eric Charles Drysdale. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1963.
Gabaccia, Donna, editor. Seeking Common Ground: Multidisciplinary Studies Of Immigrant Women in the United States. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1992.
Gagliardo, John G. "Moralism, Rural Ideology, and the German Peasant in the Late Eighteenth Century." Agricultural History, volume 42, number 2 (April, 1968), pages 79-102.
Garlichs, Hermann. Erinnerung an den Ehrwürdigen Hermann Garlichs, Pastor der Deutschen Evangelischen Gemeinde in Brooklyn, L. I.; gest. den 24., bestattet am 27. Juni 1865. New York: H. Ludwig, Buchdrucker, 1865.
Garrison, Milton. A History of Alma, Missouri. [Place of publication not identified]: [publisher not identified], 1936.
Gasconade County Historical Society. Gasconade County Cemetery Survey. [Owensville, Missouri]: Gasconade County Historical Society, 1985.
Gasconade County Historical Society. Gasconade County History, Owensville, Missouri. 2 volumes. Owensville, Missouri: Gasconade County Historical Society, 1979-2004.
• Volume II has the title, Gasconade County, Missouri Family History Book, and has the imprint, Paducah, Kentucky: Turner Publishing Company.
Gates, Paul W. "The Homestead Law in Iowa." Agricultural History, volume 38, number 2 (April 1964), pages 67-78.
Gauther, G. Jason. Measuring America: the Decennial Censuses from 1790 to 2000. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2002.
General Alumni Catalogue of New York University, 1833-1907. Volume 3: Medical Alumni (Alumni of the Medical Schools, 1842-1907). New York, New York: General Alumni Society, 1908.
Gerdes, Heinrich. Geschichte des Deutschen Bauernstandes. Leipzig: B. G. Teubner, 1910.
Gerlach, Russel L. Immigrants in the Ozarks: a Study in Ethic Geography. Columbia, Missouri: University of Missouri Press, 1976.
Geschichte von Sheboygan County. Edited by F. D. Franke. Sheboygan, Wisconsin: Franklin Publishing Company, 1898.
Gibbs, Christopher C. The Great Silent Majority: Missouri's Resistance to World War I. Columbia, Missouri: University of Missouri Press, 1988.
Gilbert, Frank M. History of the City of Evansville and Vanderburg County Indiana. 2 volumes. Chicago: Pioneer Publishing Company, 1910.
Gillespie, Joseph. Recollections of Early Illinois and Her Noted Men: Read Before the Chicago Historical Society, March 16th, 1880. Chicago, Illinois: Fergus Printing Company, 1880.
Gillespie, Samuel, and James E. Steele. History of Clay County, Iowa; From its Earliest Settlement to 1909. Chicago, Illinois: S. J. Clarke Publishing Company, 1909.
Gish, Theodore, and Richard Spuler, editors. The Eagle in the New World: German Immigration to Texas and America. College Station, Texas: Published for the Texas Committee for the Humanities by Texas A & M University Press, 1986.
Glazier, Ira, and Luigi De Rosa, editors. Migration Across Time and Nations: Population Mobility in Historical Contexts. New York: Holmes and Meier, 1986.
Glenn, Allen. History of Cass County, Missouri. Topeka, Kansas; Cleveland, Ohio: Historical Publishing Company, 1917.
Göbel, Gert. Länger als ein menschenleben in Missouri. St. Louis, Missouri: C. Witter's Buchhandlung, 1877.
Goellner, Glen. The Saga of a Man and a House. St. Charles, Missouri: Westhoff-Black, 1956.
Goff, Nancy J. Springfield's Ethnic Heritage: The German Community. Springfield, Massachusetts: U.S.A. Bicentennial Committee of Springfield, 1976.
Golder, Christian, John H. Horst, and John G. Schaal, editors. Geschichte der Zentral Deutschen Konferenz, einschließlich der Anfangsgeschichte des Deutschen Methodismus. Herausgegeben nach Anordnung der Konferenz. Cincinnati, Ohio: Jennings and Graham, 1907.
Gomes, José Coelho. Empire of Brazil: Commercial and Emigrational Guide to Brazil. Compiled and translated from Official Publications by José Coelho Gomes. Second edition. Washington, D.C.: Gibson Brothers, Printers and Bookbinders, 1886.
Good, James I. History of the Reformed Church in the U. S. in the Nineteenth Century. New York: Board of Publication of the Reformed Church in America, 1911.
"Great Churches of America: II: Evangelical and Reformed, New Knoxville, Ohio." Christian Century (22 February 1950), pages 323-328.
Great River Genealogical Society. Cemeteries of Adams County, Illinois. 6 volumes. Quincy, Illinois: Great River Genealogical Society, 1987- .
Grebner, Constantin. We Were The Ninth: A History of the Ninth Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry, April 17, 1861, to June 7, 1864. Translated and edited by Frederic Trautmann. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press, 1987.
Greenberg, David B., editor. Land That Our Fathers Plowed: The Settlement of Our Country as Told by the Pioneers Themselves and Their Contemporaries. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press, 1969.
Gregory, Ralph. The Autobiography of Henry Wellenkamp, 1822-1907. St. Louis, Missouri: Missouri Historical Society, 1963. Reprinted from: Bulletin of the Missouri Historical Society, volume 19, number 4, part 1, (July 1969), pages 311-327.
Gregory, Ralph. The German-Americans in the Washington, Missouri Area. Washington, Missouri: Missourian Publishing Company, 1981.
Greiwe, Franz. Das Amt Rheine; Raum, Geschichte, Brauchtum. Mitarbeit: Bernhard Festring und Helmut Gude. Rheine, BRD: Amt Rheine, 1974.
Griffen, Clyde. "Occupational Mobility in Nineteenth-Century America: Problems and Possibilities." Journal of Social History, volume 5, number 3 (Spring, 1972), pages 310-330.
Gross, Stephen. "Handing Down the Farm: Values, Strategies and Outcomes in Inheritance Patterns amoung Rural German Americans." Journal of Family History, volume 21 (1966), pages 192-217.
Gross, Stephen J. "The Battle Over the Cold Spring Dam: Farm-Village Conflict and Contested Identity Among Rural German Americans" Journal of American Ethnic History, volume 21, number 1 (Fall 2001), pages 83-117.
Gross, Stephen J. "Perils of Prussianism: Main Street German America, Local Autonomy, and the Great War." Agricultural History, volume 78, number 1 (Winter 2004), pages 78-116.
Gunlicks, Arthur B. "Administrative Centralization and Decentralization in the Making and Remaking of Modern Germany." Review of Politics, volume 46, number 3 (July 1984), pages 323-345.
Gunnemann, Louis H. The Shaping of the United Church of Christ. New York; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: United Church Press, 1977.
Häderle, Irene. Deutsche Kirchliche Frauenvereine in Ann Arbor, Michigan, 1870-1930: Eine Studie über die Bedingungen und Formen der Akkulturation Deutscher Einwanderinnen und Ihrer Töchter in den USA. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner, 1997.
Hagwood, John A. The Tragedy of German-America: the Germans in the United States of America during the Nineteenth Century - and After. New York: G. P. Putnam's, 1940.
Haines, Michael R. "Industrial Work and the Family Life Cycle, 1889-1890." Research in Economic History, volume 4 (1979), pages 289-356.
Hair, James T. Gazetteer of Madison County: Containing Historical and Descriptive Sketches of Alton City, Upper Alton, Edwardsville, Collinsville, Highland, Troy, Monticello, Marine, Bethalto, and Other Towns, Including Some Account of the Resources of the Various Townships: Together With an Exhibit of the Manufacturing Establishments, Newspapers, Banks, Churches, Schools, and Other Institutions of the County: To Which is Added a Directory of the Altons, and a List of the Names, Occupation and Residence Address of the Merchants, Manufacturers and Farmers of the Townships and Villages of the County. Carbondale, Illinois: James T. Hair, 1866.
Haites, Erik F, and James Mak. "Steamboating on the Mississippi, 1810-1860: A Purely Competitive Industry." The Business History Review, volume 45, number 1 (Spring 1971), pages 52-78.
Hall, Charles M. The Atlantic Bridge to Germany. 5 volumes. Logan, Utah: Everton Publishers, 1974-1978.
• Note: v. 1. Baden-Wuerttemberg; v. 2. Hessen, Rheinland-Pfalz (The Palatinate); v. 3. Bavaria (Bayern); v. 4. Saarland, Alsace-Lorraine, Switzerland; v. 5 Schleswig-Holstein, Hamburg, Bremen.
Haller, Charles R. Across the Atlantic and Beyond: The Migration of German and Swiss Immigrants to America. Bowie, Maryland: Heritage, 1993.
Handbuch der Historischen Stätten Deutschlands. Volume 3: Nordrhein-Westfalen. 2nd, revised edition. Stuttgart: Alfred Kröner Verlag, 1970.
Handlin, Oscar. Immigration as a Factor in American History. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1959.
Handlin, Oscar. The Uprooted: The Epic Story of the Great Migrations that Made the American People. New York: Grosset & Dunlap, 1951.
Hanson, Marcus Lee. The Atlantic Migration, 1607-1860; A History of the Continuing Settlement of the United States. New York: Harper Torchbooks, 1940.
Hareven, Tamara K. "Cycles, Courses and Cohorts: Reflections on Theoretical and Methodological Approaches to the Historical Study of Family Development." Journal of Social History, volume 12, number 1 (Autumn 1978), pages 97-109.
Hareven, Tamara K. "The Family as Process: The Historical Study of the Family Cycle." Journal of Social History, volume 7, number 3 (Spring 1974), pages 322-329.
Hareven, Tamara K. editor. Family and Kin in Urban Communities, 1700-1930. New York: New Viewpoints, 1977.
Harrison, Samuel F. History of Hermann, Missouri. Hermann: Historic Hermann, Inc, 1966.
Hartmann, J. Geschichte der Provinz Westfalen. Berlin: Union Deutsche Verlagsgesellschaft, 1912.
Haselmayer, Louis A. "German Methodist Colleges in the West." Methodist History, volume 2, number 4 (1964), pages 35-43.
Hedges, James B. "The Colonization Work of the Northern Pacific Railroad." Mississippi Valley Historical Review, volume 13, number 3 (December 1926), pages 311-342.
Hegi, Ursula. Tearing the Silence: On Being German in America. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1997.
Helbich, Wolfgang, and Walter D. Kamphoefner, editors. German-American Immigration and Ethnicity in Comparative Perspective. Madison, Wisconsin: Max-Kade Institute for German-American Studies, University of Wisconsin, 2004.
Heming, Carol Piper. "Schulhaus To Schoolhouse: The German School At Hermann, Missouri, 1839-1955." Missouri Historical Review, volume 82, number 3 (1988), pages 280-298.
Henke, E. W., W. H. Rolfing, Friedrich Schaub, L. J. Brenner, and J. F. Hartke. Die Nordwest Deutsche Konferenz der Bischöflichen Methodistenkirche: Geschichtlich, Sachlich und Biographisch Geschildert. Charles City, Iowa: Methodist Episcopal Church, Northwest German Conference, 1913.
Henretta, James A. "Families and Farms: Mentalité in Pre-Industrial America." William and Mary Quarterly, volume 35 (1978), pages 3-32.
Hewes, Leslie, and Christian L. Jung. "Early Fencing on the Middle Western Prarie." Annals of the Association of American Geographers, volume 71, number 2 (June 1981), pages 177-201.
Hine, Robert V. Community on the American Frontier: Separate But Not Alone. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press, 1980.
Hinman, Gertrude Neumann. The William Gottlieb Neumann Genealogy, 1790-1958. 2 volumes. Detroit, Michigan: Gertrude N. Hinman, 1958.
History of Delaware County, Iowa, Containing a History of the County, its Cities, Towns, etc., a Biogaphical Directory of its Citizens, War Record of its Volunteers in the late Rebellion, General and Local Statistics, Portraits of Early Settlers and Prominent Men, History of the Northwest, History of Iowa, Map of Delaware County, Constitution of the United States, Miscellaneous Matters, etc. Chicago, Illinois: Western Historical Company, 1878.
The History of Des Moines County, Iowa, Containing a History of the County, its Cities, Towns, &c, a Biographical Directory of Citizens, War record of its volunteers in the Late Rebellion, General and Local Statistics, Portraits of Early Settlers and Prominent men, History of the Northwest, History of Iowa, Map of Des Moines County, Constitution of the United States, Miscellaneaous Matters, &c. Chicago, Illinois: Western Historical Company, 1879.
History of Floyd County, Iowa; Together with Sketches of its Cities, Village and Townships, Educational, Religious, Civil, Military, and Political History; Portraits of Prominent Persons, and Biographies of Representative Citizens. History of Iowa, Embracing Accounts of the Pre-Historic Races, Aborigines, French, English and American Conquests, and a General Review of its Civil, Political and Military History. 2 volumes. Chicago, Illinois: Inter-State Publishing Company, 1882.
History of Franklin, Jefferson, Washington, Crawford and Gasconade Counties, Missouri: From the Earliest Time to the Present; Together with Sundry Personal, Business and Professional Sketches and Numerous Family Records; Besides a Valuable Fundof [sic] Notes, Original Observations, etc., etc. Chicago, Illinois: Goodspeed Publishing Company, 1888.
History of Hamilton and Clay Counties, Nebraska. Supervising editors George L. Burr and O. O. Buck. Compiled by Dale P. Stough. 2 volumes. Chicago, Illinois: S. J. Clarke Publishing Company, 1921.
History of Henry County, Iowa, Containing a History of the County, Its Cities, Towns, etc., a Biographical Directory of Citizens, War Record of its Volunteers in the Late Rebellion, General and Local Statistics, Portraits of Early Settlers and Prominent Men, History of the Northwest, History of Iowa, Map of Henry County, Constitution of the United States, Miscellaneous Matters, etc. Chicago, Illinois: Western Historical Company, 1879.
History of Holt and Atchison Counties, Missouri, containing a History of These Counties, Their Cities, Towns, etc., etc., Biographical Sketches of Their Citizens, General and Local Statistics, Portraits of Early Settlers and Prominent Men, History of Missouri, Map of Holt and Atchison Counties, etc. St. Joseph, Missouri: National Historical Company, 1882.
History of Holt County, Missouri From the Time of the Platte Purchase to the End of the year 1916, Preceeded by a Short History of Missouri; Supplemented by Biographical Sketches of Prominent Citizens by the History Publishing Company. St. Joseph, Missouri: History Publishing Company at the press of the Midland Printing Company, [1917?].
History of Howard and Cooper counties, Missouri, Written and Compiled from the Most Authentic Official and Private Sources, Including a History of its Townships, Towns, and Villages; Together With a Condensed History of Missouri, a Reliable and Detailed History 0f Howard and Cooper Counties - Its Pioneer Record, Resources, Biographical Sketches af Prominent Citizens, General and Local Statistics of Great Value, Incidents and Reminiscences. St. Louis, Missouri: National Historical Company, 1883.
History of Iowa County, Iowa, Containing a History of the County, Its Cities, Towns, &c., Biographical Sketches of Its Citizens, War Record of Its Volunteers in the Late Rebellion, General and Local Statistics, Portraits of Early Settlers and Prominent Men, History of the Northwest, History of Iowa, Map of Iowa County, Constitution of Iowa, Miscellaneaous Matters, &c., &c. Des Moines: Union Historical Company, Birdsall, Williams and Company, 1881.
History of Jo Daviess County, Illinois, Containing a History of the County - Its Cities, Towns, etc., a Biographical Directory of its Citizens, War Record of its Volunteers in the Late Rebellion, General and Local Statistics, Portraits of Early Settlers and Prominent Men, History fo the Northwest, History of Illinois, Map of Jo Daviess County, Constitution of the United States, Miscellaneaous Matters, etc. Chicago, Illinois: H. F. Kett & Company, 1878.
History of Kossuth, Hancock, and Winnebago Counties, Iowa: Together with Sketches of Their Cities, Villages, and Townships, Educational, Civil, Military, and Political History; Portraits of Prominent Persons, and Biographies of Representative Citizens. History of Iowa, Embracing Accounts of the Prehistoric Races, and a Brief Review of its Civil and Military History. Springfield, Illinois: Union Publishing Company, 1884.
History of Lafayette County, Mo., Carefully Written and Compiled From the Most Authentic Official and Private Sources, Including a History of Its Townships, Cities, Towns And Villages, Together With a Condensed History of Missouri; the Constitution Of The United States, And State of Missouri; a Military Record Of Volunteers In Either Army of the Great Civil War; General and Local Statistics; Miscellany; Reminesciences, Grave, Tragic and Humorous; Biographical Sketches of Prominent Men and Citizens Identified with the Interests of the County. St. Louis, Missouri: Missouri Historical Company, 1881.
History of Lincoln County, Missouri, From the Earliest Time to the Present: Including a Department Devoted to the Preservation of Sundry Personal, Business, Professional and Private Records, Besides a Valuable Fund of Notes, Original Observations, etc., etc. Chicago, Illinois: Goodspeed Publishing, 1888.
History of Macoupin County, Illinois; Biographical and Pictorial. Charles A. Walker, supervising editor. Chicago, Illinois: S. J. Clark Publishing Company, 1911.
History of Madison County, Illinois: Illustrated: with Biographical Sketches of Many Prominent Men and Pioneers. Edwardsville, Illinois: W. R. Brink and Company, 1882.
History of Minier, Illinois. E. J. Graber, editor. Minier, Illinois: Centenial Committees, 1967.
History of Muscatine County, Iowa: Containing a History of the County, Its Cities, Towns, &c., Biographical Sketches of Citizens, War Record of Its Volunteers in the Late Rebellion, General and Local Statistics, Portraits of Early Settlers and Prominent Men, History of the Northwest, History of Iowa, Map of Muscatine County, Constitution of the United States, Miscellaneous Matters, &c., &c. Chicago, Illinois: Western Historical Company, 1879.
History of Peoria County, Illinois: Containing a History of the Northwest, History of Illinois, History of the County, its Early Settlement, Growth, Development, Resources, etc., etc., a Sketch of its Cities and Towns, Their Improvements, Industries, Manufactories, Churches, Schools, etc., etc., a War Record of its Volunteers in the Late Rebellion, General and Local Statistics, Biographical Sketches, Portraits of Early Settlers and Prominent Men, Map of Peoria County, Constitution of the United States, Miscellaneous Matters, Tables, etc., etc. Chicago, Illinois: Johnson & Company, 1880.
The History of Polk County, Iowa, Containing a History of The County, Its Cities, Towns, &c., Biographical Sketches of Its Citizens, War Record of Its Volunteers In The Late Rebellion, General And Local Statistics, Portraits of Early Settlers And Prominent Men, History of The Northwest, History of Iowa, Map of Polk County, Constitution of Iowa, Miscellaneous Matters, &c., &c. Des Moines, Iowa: Union Historical Company, 1880.
History of Renville County, Minnesota. Compiled by Franlyn Curtiss-Wedge. 2 volumes. Chicago, Illinois: H. C. Cooper, Jr. & Company, 1916.
• Note: Rev. F. Wellemeyer, pastor of the Methodist Church at Fairfax, from 1878-1879, is mentioned on page 1,285.
History of St. Charles, Montgomery, and Warren counties, Missouri, Written and Compiled From the Most Authentic Official and Private Sources, Including a History Of Their Townships, Towns and Villages, Together With a Condensed History af Missouri; a Reliable and Detailed History of St. Charles, Montgomery and Warren Counties - Their Pioneer Record, Resources, Biographical Sketches of Prominent Citizens; General and Local Statistics of Great Value; Incidents and Reminiscences. St. Louis, Missouri: National Historical Co.,1885.
History of Tazewell County, Illinois; Together With Sketches of its Cities, Villages and Townships, Educational, Religious, Civil, Military, and Political History; Portraits of Prominent Persons and Biographies of Representative Citizens. History of Illinois; Embracing Accounts of the Pre-Historic Races, Aborigines, French, English and American Conquests, and a General Review of its Civil, Political, and Military History. Digest Of State Laws.. Chicago, Illinois: Charles C. Chapman and Company, 1879.
History of Wapello County, Iowa. Waterman, Harrison L., supervising editor. 2 volumes. Chicago, Illinois: S. J. Clarke Publishing Company, 1914.
History of Winnebago County and Hancock County, Iowa: A Record of Settlement, Organization, Progress and Achievement. 2 volumes. Chicago, Illinois: Pioneer Publishing Company, 1917.
History Of Winona and Olmsted Counties: Together With Biographical Matter, Statistics, Etc., Gathered From Matter Furnished By Interviews With Old Settlers, County, Township and Other Records, and Extracts From Files Of Papers, Pamphlets, and Such Other Sources As Have Been Available. Chicago: H. H. Hill and Company, 1883.
Hobart, Chauncey, D.D. History of Methodism in Minnesota. Red Wing, Minnesota: Red Wing Printing Company, 1887.
Hochstadt, Steve. "Migration and Industrialization in Germany, 1815-1977." Social Science History, volume 5, number 4 (Autumn 1981), pages 445-468.
Hochstadt, Steve. Mobility and Modernity: Migration in Germany, 1820-1989. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1999.
Hoerder, Dirk. "From Immigration to Migration Systems: New Concepts in Migration History." OAH Magazine of History, volume 14, number 1 (Fall, 1999), pages 5-11.
Hoerder, Dirk. "The Traffic of Emigration Via Bremen/Bremerhaven: Merchants' Interests, Protective Legislation, and Migrants' Experiences." Journal of American Ethnic History, volume 13, number 1 (Fall 1993), pages 68-101.
Hoerder, Dirk, and Jörg Nagler, editors. People in Transit: German Migrations in Comparative Perspective, 1820-1930. Washington, D.C.: German Historical Institute; Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1995.
Hoffert, Sylvia D. "Childbearing on the Trans-Mississippi Frontier, 1830-1900." Western Historical Quarterly, volume 22, number 3 (August 1991), pages 272-288.
Horstmann, Julius H., and Herbert H. Wernecke. Through Four Centuries: the Story of the Beginnings of the Evangelical and Reformed Church, in the Old World and the New, from the Sixteenth to the Twentieth Century. St. Louis, Missouri: Eden Publishing House, 1938.
Houck, Louis. A History of Missouri From the Earliest Explorations and Settlements Until the Admission of the State into the Union. 3 volumes. Chicago, Illinois: R. R. Donnelley & Sons, 1908.
Houston, Rab, and K. D. M. Snell. "Proto-Industrialization? Cottage Industry, Social Change, and Industrial Revolution." Historical Journal, volume 27, number 2 (June 1984), pages 473-492.
Howell, Martha, & Walter Prevenier. From Reliable Sources; an Introduction to Historical Methods. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press, 2001.
Hudson, John C. "Migration to an American Frontier." Annals of the Association of American Geographers, volume 66, number 2 (June 1976), pages 242-265.
Hudson, John C. "North American Origins of Middlewestern Frontier Populations." Annals of the Association of American Geographers, volume 78, number 3 (September 1988), pages 395-413.
Hunsche, Friedrich Ernst. 250 Jahre Landkreis Tecklenburg, 1707-1957. Lengerich (Westfalen): Kleins Druck- und Verlagsanstalt Gmbh., 1957.
Hunsche, Friedrich Ernst. Brochterbeck: Aus der Geschichte eines Dorfes der alten Grafschaft Tecklenburg. Brochterbeck (Westfalen): Gemeinde Brochterbeck in Zusammenarbeit mit der Amtsverwaltung Tecklenburg und dem Heimatverein Brochterbeck, 1969.
Hunt, Herbert, and Floyd C. Kaylor. Washington, West of the Cascades: Historical and Descriptive; the Explorers, the Indians, the Pioneers, the Modern. 3 volumes. Chicago, Seattle, Tacoma: S. J. Clarke Publishing Company, 1917.
• Note: A biographical sketch of Charles Herman Fiegenbaum is in volume 2, pages 399-400.
Illinois. Military and Naval Department. Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Illinois. 9 volumes. Springfield, Illinois: [state printers], 1886-1902.
Illustrated Atlas Map of St. Charles County, MO.; Carefully Compiled from Personal Examinations and Surveys. Illinois: W. R. Brink & Company, 1875.
An Illustrated Historical Atlas Map of Holt County, Mo. Carefully Compiled from Personal Examinations and Surveys. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Brink, McDonough & Company, 1877.
Immanuel Evangelical and Reformed Church. Anniversary Souvenir, 1839-1848: To Commemorate the 100th Anniversary as a Self-supporting Church and the 109th Anniversary of the Founding of Immanuel Evangelical and Reformed Church. Holstein, Missouri: Immanuel Evangelical and Reformed Church, .
Immanuels United Church of Christ. Anniversary Book Committee. The History of Our Church, 1839-1989: One Hundred Fifty Years. Holstein, Missouri: Immanuels United Church of Christ, 1989.
In the Foot-Prints of the Pioneers of Stephenson County, Illinois: A Genealogical Record.. Freeport, Illinois: Pioneer Publishing Company, 1900.
Jacoby, Ludwig Sigismund. Geschichte des Amerikanischen Methodismus. Bremen: Verlag des Traktathauses, 1870.
Jacoby, Ludwig Sigismund. Handbuch des Methodismus, Enthaltend die Geschichte, Lehre, das Kirchenregiment und eigenthümliche Gebraüche desselben. Nach authentischen Quellen bearbeitet. Zweite Auflage. Bremen: Verlag von Joh. Georg Hense, 1855.
Jahn, Adalbert. Wichtige Beiträge zur Einwanderung und Kolonisation in Brasilien. Berlin: Verlag von J. Guttentag, 1874.
James, Preston E. "Expanding Settlements of Southern Brazil." Geographical Review, volume 30, number 4 (October 1940), pages 601-626.
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Jeffrey, Julie Roy. Frontier Women: "Civilizing" the West? 1840-1880. Revised edition. New York, New York: Hill and Wang, 1998.
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Johnson, Hildegard Binder. "A Historical Perspective on Form and Function in Upper Midwest Rural Settlement." Agricultural History, volume 48, number 1, Farming in the Midwest, 1840-1900: A Symposium (January 1974), pages 11-25.
Johnson, Hildegard Binder. "The Location of German Immigrants in the Middle West." Annals of the Association of American Geographers, volume 41, number 1 (March 1951), pages 1-41.
Johnson, William Foreman. History of Cooper County Missouri. Topeka, Kansas: Historical Publishing Company, 1919.
Jordan, Terry G. German Seed in Texas Soil: Immigrant Farmers in Nineteenth-Century Texas. Austin, Texas: University of Texas Press, 1966.
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Jubiläumsbuch der St. Louis Deutschen Konferenz. Herausgegeben nach ihrer Anordnung zur Feier ihres fünfundzwanzigjährigen Bestandes von E. C. Magaret, Friedrich Munz, Geo. B. Addicks. Cincinnati, Ohio: Jennings und Graham, [1905?].
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Kamphoefner, Walter D. "Immigrant Epistolary and Epistemology: On the Motivators and Mentality of Nineteenth-Century German Immigrants." Journal of American Ethnic History, volume 28, number 3 (Spring 2009), pages 34-54.
Kamphoefner, Walter D. The Westfalians: From Germany to Missouri. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1987.
Kamphoefner, Walter D., and Wolfgang Helbich, editors. Germans in the Civil War: the Letters They Wrote Home. Translated by Susan Carter Vogel. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 2006.
Kamphoefner, Walter D., Wolfgang Helbich, & Ulrike Sommer, editors. News From the Land of Freedom: German Immigrants Write Home. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press, 1991.
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Keil, Hartmut, and John B. Jentz, editors. German Workers in Industrial Chicago, 1850-1910: A Comparative Perspective. DeKalb, Illinois: Northern Illinois University Press, 1983.
Keil, Hartmut, and John B. Jentz. German Workers in Chicago: A Documentary History of Working-Class Culture From 1850 to World War I. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1988.
Kelly, Catherine E. In the New England Fashion: Reshaping Women's Lives in the Nineteenth Century. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press, 1999.
Kemper, Edward J. Little Germany on the Missouri: The Photographs of Edward J. Kemper, 1895-1920. Edited by Anna Kemper Hesse. Columbia, Missouri: University of Missouri Press, 1998.
Kidder, Daniel Parish, and James Cooley Fletcher. Brazil and the Brazilians: Portrayed in Historical and Descriptive Sketches. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Childs & Peterson, 1857.
Kingsbury, George W. History of Dakota Territory. 5 volumes. Chicago, Illinois: S. J. Clarke Publishing Company, 1915.
Kircher, Henry A. A German in the Yankee Fatherland: The Civil War Letters of Henry A. Kircher. Edited by Earl J. Hess. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press, 1983.
Kirk, Gordon W., Jr., and Carolyn Tyirin Kirk. "Migration, Mobility and the Transformation of the Occupational Structure in an Immigrant Community: Holland, Michigan, 1850-80." Journal of Social History, volume 7, number 2 (Winter, 1974), pages 142-164.
Kisch, Herbert. "The Impact of the French Revolution on the Lower Rhine Textile Districts - Some Comments on Economic Development and Social Change." Economic History Review, New Series, volume 15, number 2 (December 1962), pages 304-327.
Kisch, Herbert. "The Textile Industries in Silesia and the Rhineland: A Comparative Study in Industrialization." The Journal of Economic History, volume 19, number 4 (December 1959), pages 541-564.
Klauprecht, Emil. Deutsche Chronik in der Geschichte des Ohio-Tales und Seiner Haupstadt Cincinnati in's Besondere: Umfassend eine Ausführliche Darstellung der Abentheuer, Ansiedlungen und des Allgemeinen Wirkens der Deutschen im Flußgebiete von der Entdeckung des Mississippi-Thales an bis auf Unsere Tage. Cincinnati: G. Hof and M. A. Jacobi, 1864.
Klindworth, Edward C. The Beginnings of Connell. Portland, Oregon: E. C. Klindworth, 1966.
Klindworth, Edward Claus. The Life of Hein and Katie Klindworth. Salem, Oregon: Ann Klindworth Nelson, [date?].
Kluck, Patricia Ann. Decision-making Among Descendants of German Immigrant Farmers in Rio Grande Do Sul, Brazil. Latin American Studies Program; Dissertation Series, Number 61. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press, 1975.
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Kocha, Jugen. "Family and Class Formation: Intergenerational Mobility and Marriage Patterns in Nineteenth-Century Westphalian Towns." Journal of Social History, volume 17, number 3 (Spring 1984), pages 411-433.
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Kopp, Fr. Charakter-Bilder aus der Geschichte des Methodismus. Vierzehn Vorlesungen Über Ausserordentliche Persönlichkeiten und Hauptbewegungen des Methodismus in Amerika und Deutschland, Gehalten von Verschiedenen Deutschen Predigern vor den Studenten des Deutsch-Englischen Collegiums zu Galena, Ill., im Frühjahr 1881.. Cincinnati, Ohio: Walden & Stowe, 1881.
Körner, Gustav Philipp. Das Deutsche Element in den Vereinigten Staaten von Nordamerika, 1818-1848. Cincinnati, Ohio: A. E. Wilde, 1880.
Korspeter, Gustav. Der Kreis Tecklenburg. Kreis- und Stadthandbücher des Westfälischen Heimatbundes, Bänchen 6. Münster: Regensberg, 1949.
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Der Kreis Tecklenburg. Edited by Kreis Tecklenburg. Stuttgart: Konrad Theiss Verlag, 1973.
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Krueger, Lillian. "Motherhood on the Wisconsin Frontier (I)." The Wisconsin Magazine of History, volume 29, number 2 (December 1945), pages 157-183.
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Lange, Henry. Südbrasilien: Die Provinzen São Pedro do Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catharina und Paraná, mit Rücksicht auf die Deutsche Kolonisation. Zweite erweiterte Auflage. Leipzig: Verlag von Eduard Baldamus, 1888.
Langer, William L. The Revolutions of 1848; Chapters from Political and Social Upheaval. New York: Harper & Row, 1969.
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Levine, Bruce C. The Spirit of 1848: German Immigrants, Labor Conflict, and the Coming of the Civil War. Urbana, Illinois: University of Illinois Press, 1992.
Lewis, Ann Laemmlen. Immigrant Case Study: Peter Heinrich Bastert Family. privately printed, no date.
Love, Joseph LeRoy. Rio Grande do Sul and Brazilian Regionalism, 1882-1930. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press, 1971.
Luebke, David. "German Exodus: Historical Perspectives on the Nineteenth Century Emigration." Yearbook of German-American Studies 20 (1986), pages 1-17.
Luebke, Frederick C. Bonds of Loyalty; German-Americans and World War I. Dekalb: Northern Illinois University Press, 1974.
Luebke, Frederick C. Germans in Brazil: A Comparative History of Cultural Conflict During World War I. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 1987.
Luebke, Frederick C. Germans in the New World. Essays in the History of Immigration. Urbana, Illinois: University of Illinois Press, 1990.
Mallinckrodt, Anita M. From Knights to Pioneers: One German Family in Westphalia and Missouri. Carbondale, Illinois: Southern Illinois University Press, 1994.
Mallinckrodt, Anita M. How They Came: German Immigration from Prussia to Missouri. Augusta, Missouri: Mallinckrodt Communications Research, 1988.
Mallinckrodt, Anita M. Why They Left: German Immigration from Prussia to Missouri. Revised editon. Washington, D.C.: Mallinckrodt Communications Research, 1988.
Mann, Heinrich. Ludwig S. Jakoby. Bremen: Verlag des Traktathauses; Zürich: Buch- und Verlagshandlung, 1892.
Marquette, David. A History of Nebraska Methodism: First Half-century, 1854-1904. Cincinnati, Ohio: The Western Methodist Book Concern Press, 1904.
Marshall, Howard Wight. "The Pelster Housebarn: Endurance of Germanic Architecture on the Midwestern Frontier." Material Culture, volume 18, number 2 (Summer 1986), pages 65-104.
Marshall, Howard Wight., and James W. Goodrich, editors. The German-American Experience in Missouri: Essays in Commemoration of the Tricentennial of German Immigration to America, 1683-1983. Columbia, Missouri: Univeristy of Missouri-Columbia, 1986.
Masterson, V. V. The Katy Railroad and the Last Frontier. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press, 1952.
Mayhew, Alan. Rural Settlement and Farming in Germany. New York: Harper & Row, 1973.
Maynes, Mary Jo, Birgitte Søland & Christina Benninghaus, editors. Secret Gardens, Satanic Mills: Placing Girls in European History, 1750-1960. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press of Kentucky, 2005.
McCaffery, Robert Paul. Islands of Deutschtum: German-Americans in Manchester, New Hampshire and Lawrence, Massachusetts, 1870-1942. New York: Peter Lang, 1996.
McKeith, George Robert. Pioneer Stories of the Pioneers of Filmore and Adjoining Counties. Exeter, Nebraska: Press of Fillmore County News, 1915.
McMurray, William J., editor. History of Auglaize County, Ohio. 2 volumes. Indianapolis, Indiana: Historical Publishing Company, 1923.
McQuillen, D. Aiden. Prevailing Over Time: Ethnic Adjustment on the Kansas Prairies, 1875-1925. Lincoln, Nebraska: 1990.
Meinershagen, Fred H. The Prosperous and Diligent Blacksmith from Wersen: a Genealogy of Heinrich Adolph Meinershagen, January 1, 1785-May 22, 1870. Columbia, Missouri: Fred H. Meinershagen, 1973.
Meinershagen, Fred H. The Prosperous and Diligent Blacksmith from Wersen Revisited. Columbia, Missouri: Fred H. Meinershagen, 1998.
Memoirs of Waukesha County from the Earliest Historical Times Down to the Present, with Special Chapters on Various Subjects, Including Each of the Different Towns, and a Genealogical and Biographical Record of Representative Families in the County, Prepared from Data Obtained from Original Sources of Information.. Theron W. Haight, editor. Madison, Wisconsin: Western Historical Association, 1907.
Memorial and Biographical Record and Illustrated Compendium of Biography; Containing a Compendium of Local Biography, Including Biographical Sketches of Hundreds of Prominent Old Settlers and Representative Citizens of Butler, Polk, Seward, York and Fillmore Counties, Nebraska, With a Review of Their Life Work; Thier Identity with the Growth and Development of this Region; Reminiscences of Personal History and Pioneer Life; and other Interesting and Valuable Matter which should be Preserved in History. Also a Compendium of National Biography..... Chicago, Illinois: George A. Ogle & Company, 1899.
Men of Minnesota: A Collection of the Portraits of Men Prominent in Business and Professional Life in Minnesota. St. Paul, Minnesota: Minnesota Historical Company, 1902.
Men of Minnesota: A Collection of the Portraits of Men Prominent in Business and Professional Life in Minnesota. 2nd edition. St. Paul, Minnesota: R. L. Polk & Company, 1915.
Merry, John F., editor. History of Delaware County, Iowa and its People. 2 volumes. Chicago, Illinois: S. J. Clarke Publishing Company, 1914.
Methodism in La Crosse from 1849 to 1904. La Crosse, Wisconsin: s.n., 1904.
• Read mention of the First German Methodist Episcopal Church (later known as Salzer, then Asbury United Methodist Church) and Rev. H. R. Fiegenbaum.
• Available at La Crosse Public Library, Digital Library Collections. <http://lacrosselibrary.org/digital/methodism/>.
Methodist Episcopal Church. Western Conference. The Rise of Methodism in the West: Being the Journal of the Western Conference, 1800-1811. Editied, with notes and introduction, by William Warren Sweet. New York; Cincinnati, Ohio: The Methodist Book Concern, 1920.
Meurer, H. Das Hollandsgehen mit besonderer Rücksicht auf die Lage der Heuerleute in Osnabrückischen. Osnabrück: Verlag der Rackhorstischen Buchhandlung, 1871.
Meyer, J. H., compiler. Atlas and History of Auglaize County with Biographical Sketches. Wapakoneta, Ohio: s.n., 1917.
Meyers grosses Konversations-Lexikon. Ein Nachschlagewerk des allgemeinen Wissens. 6., gänzlich neubearbeitete und vermehrte Auflage...Neuer Abdruck. 24 volumes. Leipzig; Wien: Bibliographisches Institut, 1906-1913.
Meyers Orts- und Verkehrs-Lexikon des Deutschen Reichs. Fünfte vollständig neubearbeitete und vermehrte Auflage. Auf Grund amtlicher Unterlagen von Reichs-, Landes- und Gemeindebehörden herausgegeben von Dr. E. Uetrecht. Mit 51 Stadtplänen, 19 Umgebungs- und Übersichtskarten, einer Verkehrskarte und vielen statistischen Beilagen. Zwei Bände. Leipzig; Wien: Bibliographisches Institut, 1912-1913.
Miller, Adam, edited. Experience of German Methodist Preachers. Collected and arranged by Rev. Adam Miller, M.D. With an introduction by Charles Elliott, D.D. and a preliminary discourse by L. L. Hamline, D.D. Edited by D. W. Clark, D.D. Cincinnati, Ohio: Printed at the Methodist Book Concern for the author, 1859.
Miller, Adam. Origin and Progress of the German Mission in the Methodist Episcopal Church. Cincinnati, Ohio: The Methodist Book Concern, 1843.
Miller, W. H., editor. Wegweiser der Nördlichen Deutschen Konferenz der Bischöflichen Methodistenkirche. Faribault, Minnesota: Hanson Brothers, 1903.
Mills, Elizabeth Shown. Evidence! Citation & Analysis for the Family Historian. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1997.
Minert, Roger. "Surname Changes in Northwestern Germany." German Genealogical Digest, volume 16, number 1 (Spring 2000), pages 6-17.
Modell, John. "Family and Fertility on the Indiana Frontier, 1820." American Quarterly, volume 23, number 5 (December 1971), pages 615-634.
Moeller, Robert G. "Peasants and Tariffs in the Kaiserreich: How Backward Were the Bauern?" Agricultural History, volume 55, number 4 (October 1981), pages 370-384.
Moldenhauer, Roger. "Benton County Lutherans and the Battle Of Cole Camp June 19, 1861." Concordia Historical Institute Quarterly, volume 61, number 4 (1988), pages 150-160.
Moltmann, Bodo Hans. Deutsche Siedlung in Süd-Brasilien: ein erfolgreiches Jahrhundert deutscher überseeischer Siedelungsarbeit. Gotha: Friedrich Andreas Perthes, 1918.
Moltmann, Günter. "American-German Return Migration in the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries." Central European History, volume 13, number 4 (Dec., 1980), pages 378-392.
Moltmann, Günter. "Migrations from Germany to North America: New Perspectives." Reviews in American History, The View from Abroad: The Bellagio Conference on American History volume 14, number 4, (December 1986), pages 580-596.
Moré, Jean Charles. Die Colonisation in der Provinz São Pedro de Rio Grande do Sul in Brasilien. Aus dem Französischen übersetzt von H. Wertheim. Hamburg: Gedruckt in der Langhoff'schen Buchdruckerei, 1863.
• Note: Translated from the French edition published the same year: De la Colonisation, dans la Province de St. Pierre de Rio-Grande do Sul, Brésil.
Montague, E. J. A Directory, Business Mirror, and Historical Sketches of Randolph County: Containing the Name, Residence, and Occupation of Every Citizen of the County; with a Condensed Sketch of Kaskaskia and Prairie du Rocher, Commencing with their Indian History: a Sketch of Chester, Sparta, Red Bud, Liberty, Steelesville, Eden, Evansville, Coulterville, Lafayette, Preston, Florence, Shiloh Hill, Randolph and Camptown. Also, a Condensed Sketch of Randolph County, From the Time of its Organization: with Brief Notes of the Pioneer Settlers. Alton, Illinois: Courier Steam Book and Job Printing House, 1859.
Morgans, James Patrick. The Underground Railroad On The Western Frontier: Escapes from Missouri, Arkansas, Iowa and the Territories of Kansas, Nebraska and the Indian Nations, 1840-1865. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc., 2010.
Morton, J. Sterling. Illustrated History of Nebraska: a History of Nebraska from the Earliest Explorations of the Trans-Mississippi Region, with Steel Engravings, Photogravures, Copper Plates, Maps, and Tables. 3rd edition. Edited by Albert Watkins and George L. Miller. Lincoln, Nebraska: Western Publishing and Engraving Company, 1911.
Morton, J. Sterling, and Albert Watkins. History of Nebraska From the Earliest Explorations of the Trans-Mississippi Region. A revised edition. Edited and revised by Augustus Orloff Thomas, James Alexander Beattie, and Arthur Cooper Wakeley. Lincoln, Nebraska: Western Publishing and Engraving Company, 1918.
Mulhall, Michael George. Rio Grande do Sul and its German Colonies. London, England: Longmans, Green, & Company, 1873.
Müller, Friedrich. Geschichte der Alten Grafen von Tecklenburg in Westfalen. Osnabrück: Rackhorst, 1842.
Müller, Friedrich. "Westfälische Auswanderer im 19. Jahrhundert: Auswanderung aus dem Regierungsbezirk Minden; I. Teil, 1816–1900." Beiträge zur westfälischen Familienforschung, Volumes 38-39, (1980-1981), pages 3-711.
Müller, Friedrich. "Westfälische Auswanderer im 19. Jahrhundert: Auswanderung aus dem Regeirungsbezirk Münster; I. Teil, 1803-1850." Beiträge zur Westfälische Familienforschung, Volumes 22-24 (1964-1966), pages 7-484.
Müller, H., G. Bobilin, J. J. Messmer, J. Lange and J. Suter. Geschichte der Ost-Deutschen Konferenz der Bischöflichen Methodistenkirche. S.l.: s.n., 1916.
Müller, Wilhelm. Aus der Geschichte der Grafschaft Tecklenburg. Tecklenburg: Kreisausschuss, 1920.
Nagel, Paul C. The German Migration to Missouri: My Family's Story. Kansas City, Missouri: Kansas City Star Books, for the Jackson County Historical Society, 2002.
Napton, William Barclay. Past and Present of Saline County, Missouri. Indianapolis, Indiana: B. F. Bowen & Company, 1910.
Naumann, Jakob. Selections from My Journey to America, 1836-1843. Translated and illustrated by Anna Kemper Hesse. Revised edition. Hermann, Missouri: Brush and Palette Club, 2000.
New Knoxville Historical Society. Sesquicentennial Committee. Our Times: New Knoxville Sesquicentennial, 1836-1986. New Knoxville, Ohio: New Knoxville Historical Society, 1986.
Newman, Allen R. "The Influence of Family and Friends on German Internal Migration, 1880-85." Journal of Social History, volume 13, number 2 (Winter 1979), pages 277-288.
Nordhoff, J. B. "Haus, Hof, Mark und Gemeinde Nordwestfalens in historischen Ueberblicke." Forschungen zur deutschen Landes- und Volkskunde, volume 4 (1890), pages 1-35.
Nugent, Walter T. K. Crossings: the Great Transatlantic Migrations, 1870-1914. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1992.
Ogilvie, Sheilagh C., and Markus Cerman, editors. European Proto-industrialization. Cambridge, England; New York, New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996.
Ormesher, Susan, compiler. Missouri Marriages Before 1840. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, Inc., 1982.
Ostendorf, Johannes. "A History of Emigration from old Amt Damme (Oldenburg), in Particular to North America, in the Years 1830-1880," Oldenburger Jahrbuch des Landesvereins für Geschichte und Heimatkunde, 46/47 (1942-1943), pages 164-297.
• Available online at <http://www.honkomp.de/damme-auswanderung/>.
Ostergren, Robert C. "Land and Family in Rural Immigrant Communities." Annals of the Association of American Geographers, volume 71, number 3 (September 1981), pages 400-411.
Ottmann, Hugo. Das Bauertum im Kreise Tecklenburg. Münsterer Wirtschafts- und sozialwissenschaftliche Abhandlungen, Heft 21. Münster: Wirtschafts- und sozialwissenschaftlicher Verlag, 1938.
Our 150 years, 1812-1962: In Commemoration of the Madison County Sesquicentennial. James S. Flagg and the Madison County Sesquicentennial Committee. Edwardsville, Illinois: East 10 Publishing Company, Inc., 1962.
Overdyke, W. Darrell. "A Southern Family on the Missouri Frontier: Letters from Independence, 1843-1855." Journal of Southern History, volume 17, number 2 (May 1951), pages 216-237.
Page, Thomas Walker. "Distribution of Immigrants in the United States before 1870." Journal of Political Economy volume 20, number 7 (July 1912), pages 676-694.
Page, Thomas W. "Some Economic Aspects of Immigration Before 1870: I." The Journal of Political Economy, volume 20, number 10 (December 1912), pages 1,011-1,028.
Page, Thomas W. "The Transportation of Immigrants and Reception Arrangements in the Nineteenth Century." The Journal of Political Economy, volume 19, number 9 (November 1911), pages 732-749.
Palmer, John McAuley, editor. The Bench and the Bar of Illinois: Historical and Reminiscent. 2 volumes. Chicago, Illinois: The Lewis Publishing Company, 1899.
Patrick, Michael D., and Evellyn Goodrich Trickel. Orphan Trains to Missouri. Columbia, Missouri: University of Missouri Press, 1997.
Penny, H. Glenn. "The Politics of Anthropology in the Age of Empire: German Colonists, Brazilian Indians, and the Case of Alberto Vojtech Fric." Comparative Studies in Society and History, volume 45, number 2 (April 2003), pages 249-280.
Perrin, William Henry. History of Bond and Montgomery Counties, Illinois. Chicago, Illinois: O. L. Baskin and Company, 1882.
Pessler, Willi. Das Altsächsische Bauernhaus in Seiner Geographischen Verbreitung. Braunschweig: Friedrich Vieweg und Sohn, 1906.
Philippi, Friedrich. Geschichte Westfalens. Paderborn: Ferdinand Schöningh Verlag, 1926.
- Series: Westfalenland: eine Landes- und Volkskunde Westfalens, Band III.
- At the end of the book are two folded maps of territories in the region of Westphalia. One dates to 1801; the other to 1812 when the area was occupied by the 1st French Empire under Napoleon.
- Available at Universität Bielefeld. Digitale Sammlungen [Digital Collections]. Digital copy. Links to good digital images of the 2 fold out maps: Landherrschaften im Jahre 1801, and Französische Neuschöpfungen 1812.
Pickle, Linda Schelbitzki. Contented Among Strangers: Rural German-Speaking Women and Their Families in the Nineteenth Century Midwest. Urbana, Illinois: University of Illinois Press, 1996.
Pickle, Linda Schelbitzki. "The Frontier Within and Without: Gender and the Memoirs of Rural German-Speaking Immigrants." In Scott E. Casper and Lucinda M. Long, editors, Moving Stories: Migration and the American West, 1850-2000 (Reno, Nevada: Nevada Humanities Committee, 2001), pages 22-50.
Plat Book of Lafayette County, Missouri; Drawn from Actual Surveys & County Records. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: North West Publishing Company, 1897.
Plat Book of Brown County, Kansas. Compiled from county records and actual surveys. Minneapolis, Minnesota: Northwest Publishing Company, 1904.
Plat Book of Lafayette County, Missouri. Rockford, Illinois: W. W. Hixson & Company, 1930.
Plat Book of St. Charles County, Missouri. Rockford, Illinois: W. W. Hixson & Company, 1930.
Plat Book of Warren County, Missouri. Rockford, Illinois: W. W. Hixson & Company, 1930.
Portrait and Biographical Album of Coles County, Ill., Containing Full Page Portraits and Biographical Sketches of Prominent and Representative Citizens of the County,.... Chicago, Illinois: Chapman Brothers, 1887.
Portrait and Biographical Album of Henry County, Iowa: Containing Full Page Portraits and Biographical Sketches of Prominent and Representative Citizens of the County, Together with Protraits and Biographies of all the Governors of Iowa, and of the Presidents of the United States. Chicago, Illinois: Acme Publishing Company, 1888.
Portrait and Biographical Album of Louisa County, Iowa, Containing Full Page Portraits and Biographical Sketches of Prominent and Representative Citizens of the County, Together with Portraits and Biographies of All the Governors of the State, and of the Presidents of the United States. Chicago, Illinois: Acme Publishing Company, 1889.
Portrait and Biographical Album of Polk County, Iowa: Containing Full Page Portraits and Biographical Sketches of Prominent and Representative Citizens of the County, Together with Portraits and Biographies of all the Presidents of the United States and Governors of the State. Chicago, Illinois: Lake City Publishing Company, 1890.
Portrait and Biographical Album of Wapello County, Iowa: Containing Full Page Portraits and Biographical Sketches of Prominent and Representative Citizens of the County, Together with Portraits and Biographies of all the Governors of Iowa, and of the Presidents of the United States. Chicago, Illinois: Chapman Brothers, 1887.
Portrait and Biographical Record of Auglaize, Logan and Shelby Counties, Ohio, Containing Biographical Sketches of Prominent and Representative Citizens Together with Biographies and Portraits of all the Presidents of the United States. Chicago, Illinois: Chapman Brothers, 1892.
Portrait and Biographical Record of Buchanan and Clinton Counties, Missouri: Containing Biographical Sketches of Prominent and Representative Citizens, Together with Biographies and Portraits of all the Presidents of the United States. Chicago, Illinois: Chapman Brothers, 1893.
Portrait and Biographical Record of Lafayette and Saline Counties, Missouri: Containing Biographical Sketches of Prominent and Representative Citizens, Together with Biographies and Portraits of all the Presidents of the United States. Chicago, Illinois: Chapman Brothers, 1893.
Portrait and Biographical Record of Madison County, Illinois: Containing Biographical Sketches of Prominent and Representative Citizens of the County, Together with Biographies and Portraits of all the Presidents of the United States. Chicago, Illinois: Biographical Publishing Company, 1894.
Portrait and Biographical Record of Randolph, Jackson, Perry and Monroe Counties, Illinois: Containing Biographical Sketches of Prominent and Representative Citizens of the Counties: Together With Biographies and Portraits of All the Presidents of the United States, and the Governors of the State of Illinois. Chicago, Illinois: Biographical Pubublishing Company, 1894.
Portrait and Biographical Record of St. Charles, Lincoln, and Warren Counties, Missouri: Containing Biographical Sketches of Prominent and Representative Citizens of the Counties, Together with Biographies and Portraits of all the Presidents of the United States. Chicago, Illinois: Chapman Brothers, 1895.
Portrait and Biographical Record of Tazewell and Mason Counties, Illinois; Containing Biographical Sketches of Prominent and Representative Citizens of the Counties, Together with Biographies and Portraits of the Bovenors of the State and the Presidents of the United States. Chicago, Illinois: Biographical Publishing Company, 1894.
Power, John Carroll. History of the Early Settlers of Sangamon County, Illinois. Centennial Record. Written with the assistance of Mrs. S. A. Power. Springfield, Illinois: Edwin A. Wilson & Company, 1876.
Prado Júnior, Caio. The Colonial Background of Modern Brazil. Translated by Suzette Macedo. Berkely: University of California Press, 1969.
Price, Carl Fowler, editor. Who's Who in American Methodism. New York: E. B. Treat and Company, 1916.
Primm, James N. "The G. A. R. in Missouri, 1866-1870." Journal of Southern History, volume 20, number 3 (August 1954), pages 356-375.
Protocoll der Verhandlungen des Deutsch-Evangelischen Kirchen-Vereins des Westens in seiner Jahresconferenz im Juni 1857 in der Zionskirche in Evansville, Ind. [Place of publication not identified]: Missouri-Seminar-Druckerei, 1857.
Pruß, Wilhelm. Rund um das Heilige Meer: Aus Sage und Geschichte des Kreises Tecklenburg. Münster: Aschendorff, 1934.
Rafferty, Milton D. Historical Atlas of Missouri. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press, 1982.
Ranck, Chr. Kulturgeschichte des deutschen Bauernhauses. Aus Natur und Geisteswelt, no. 121. Leipzig: Verlag von B. G. Teubner, 1907.
Randolph County Genealogical Society (Randolph County, Illinois). The Church Book of Evangelical Lutheran St. Mark's Congregation in Steeleville, Randolph County, Illinois, 1875-1915. [Chester], Illinois: Randolph County Genealogical Society, [no date].
Randolph County Genealogical Society (Randolph County, Illinois). In the Name of Jesus; Church Book; St. Peter's Lutheran; Randolph (now Bremen) Randolph County, Illinois; Records - Translated from German. Chester, Illinois: Randolph County Genealogical Society, [no date].
Rauschenbusch, August. Einige Anweisungen für Auswanderer nach den westlichen Staaten von Nordamerika und Reisebilder. Dritte Auflage. Elderfeld: Julius Bädeker, 1848.
Ravenstein, Ludwig. Atlas des Deutschen Reichs. Leipzig: Bibliographisches Institut, 1883.
Reckers, Stephanie, and Johanna Schulz. Die Bevölkerung in den Gemeinden Westfalens von 1818 bis 1950. Dortmund: 1952.
Reichmann, Eberhard, La Vern J. Rippley, and Jörg Nagler, editors. Emigration and Settlement Patterns of German Communities in North America. Indianapolis, Indiana: Max Kade German-American Center, Indiana University-Purdue University at Indianapolis, 1995.
Reinhofer, Hugo. Geschichte des Deutschen Bauernstandes. Graz: L. Stocker, 1925.
Rettkowski, Hans, editor. Alte Bauernhäuser zwischen Weser und Ems. Text von Helmut Ottenjann; fotos von Helmut Tecklenburg. Leer, BRD: Bremer Landesbank/Staatlichen Kreditanstalt Oldenburg-Bremen, 1979.
Rice, James M. Peoria, City and County, Illinois: a Record of Settlement, Organization, Progress, and Achievement. 2 volumes. Chicago, Illinois: S. J. Clarke Publishing Co., 1912.
Richmond, Irving B., editor. History of Muscatine County Iowa from the Earliest Settlements to the Present Time. Chicago, Illinois: S. J. Clarke Publishing Company, 1911.
Roche, Jean. La Colonisation Allemande et le Rio Grande do Sul. Paris: Institut des Hautes Études de L'Amérique Latine, 1959.
Roeber, A. G. "In German Ways? Problems and Potentials of Eighteenth-Century German Social and Emigration History." William and Mary Quarterly, Third Series, volume 44, number 4 (October 1987), pages 750-774.
Rossi, Alice S., Jerome Kagan, and Tamara K. Hareven, editors. The Family. New York: W. W. Norton, 1978.
Rowan, Steven, editor. Germans for a Free Missouri: Translations from the St. Louis Radical Press, 1857-1862. Columbia, Missouri: University of Missouri Press, 1983.
Rowe, Michael. "Between Empire and Home Town: Napoleonic Rule on the Rhine, 1799-1814." The Historical Journal, volume 42, number 3 (September 1999), pages 643-674.
Rowe, Michael, editor. Collaboration and Resistance in Napoleonic Europe: State Formation in an Age of Upheaval, c. 1800-1815. Basingstoke, England; New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003.
Rowe, Michael. "France, Prussia, or Germany? The Napoleonic Wars and Shifting Allegiances in the Rhineland." Central European History, volume 39, number 4 (December 2006), pages 611-640.
Rowe, Michael. From Reich to State: The Rhineland in the Revolutionary Age, 1780-1830. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 2003.
Rügge, Nicolas, with contributions by Wilhelm Brinkmeyer, and Walter Pfaff. Hardissen: History of a Village in Lippe. Translation by Carol A. Devore on behalf of Marc Brinkmeyer. 2nd edition. Beiträge zur Geschichte der Stadt Lage, 11. Lage, North Rhine-Westphalia, BRD: Lippe-Verlag, 2006.
Saatkamp, Friedrich. 1000 Jahre Ladbergen; ein Beitrag zur Geschichte des Tecklenburger Landes. Ladbergen (Westfalen): Heimatverein Ladbergen, 1950.
Saatkamp, Friedrich. Ladbergen: Aus Geschichte und Gegenwart des 1000-jährigen westfälischen Dorfes. 2. Auflage. Ladbergen (Westfalen): Heimatverein Ladbergen, 1975.
Saatkamp, Friedrich. Ladbergen: Out of the History and the Present of the 1000-year Westphalian Village. Edited and translated by Dean R. Hoge. New Knoxville, Ohio: New Knoxville Historical Society, 1985.
• Note: This is a translated and revised version of Friedrich Saatkamp, Ladbergen: Aus Geschichte und Gegenwart des 1000-jährigen westfälischen Dorfes, 2. Auflage, (Ladbergen: Heimatverein Ladbergen, 1975).
Saatkamp, Friedrich. Ladbergen: Unsere Kirche - Unsere Pfarrer: Festschrift zum 100-jährigen Bestehen der ev.-ref. Kirche in Ladbergen. Ladbergen: Heimatverein Ladbergen, 1956.
St. Charles County Genealogical Society. Ebenezer United Church of Christ, Augusta Missouri. St. Charles, Missouri: St. Charles County Genealogical Society, [1993?].
• An index of baptisms, marriages and burials compiled from church records dating from the 1850s.
St. Charles County Genealogical Society. Femme Osage United Church of Christ, Femme Osage, Missouri: Baptisms, Marriages, Burials. St. Charles, Missouri: St. Charles County Genealogical Society, no date.
St. Charles County Genealogical Society. Friedens (Peace) United Church of Christ, New Melle, St. Charles County, Missouri. St. Charles, Missouri: St. Charles County Genealogical Society, 1994.
• An index of baptisms, marriages and burials compiled from church records dating from the beginning of the 20th century.
St. Charles County Genealogical Society. Index to Records of St. John United Church of Christ, Cappeln, St. Charles County, Missouri. Book 1. St. Charles, Missouri: St. Charles County Genealogical Society, 1989.
St. Marcus United Church of Christ, St. Louis, Missouri: Burial Index, 1847-1879. Compiled by Robert Buecher. St. Louis, Missouri: Robert Buecher, 2003.
St. Paul's Evangelical Lutheran Church. St. Paul's Evangelical Lutheran Church, Bay, MO (Gasconade): Church Records from 1856-1963. Transcribed, translated and compiled by John Block. Bay, Missouri: St. Paul's Evangelical Lutheran Church, [2000?].
Salamon, Sonya. Prairie Patrimony: Family, Farming, and Community in the Midwest. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 1992.
Salem United Church of Christ. Historical Highlights of Salem United Church of Christ, 1870-1995. Higginsville, Missouri: Salem United Church of Christ, 1995.
Salem United Church of Christ. A History of the Salem Church, 1870-1970 in Higginsville, Missouri. Higginsville, Missouri: Salem United Church of Christ, 1970.
Salway, Benet. "What's in a Name? A Survey of Roman Onomastic Practice from c. 700 B.C. to A.D. 700." The Journal of Roman Studies, volume 84 (1994), pages 124-145.
Schake, Lowell M. La Charrette; a History of the Village Gateway to the American Frontier Visited by Lewis and Clark, Daniel Boone, Zebulon Pike. New York: iUniverse Star, 2005.
Schappelle, Benjamin Franklin. The German Element in Brazil: Colonies and Dialect. America Germanica, No. 26. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Americana Germanica Press, 1917.
Schatzungs- und sonstige Höferegister der Grafschaft Tecklenburg 1494 bis 1831. Compiled by Wolfgang Leesch. Münster, Aschendorff Verlag, 1974.
Schmitt, Hans A. "From Sovereign States to Prussian Provinces: Hanover and Hesse-Nassau, 1866-1871." The Journal of Modern History, volume 57, number 1 (March 1985), pages 24-56.
Schmitt, Hans A. "Germany without Prussia: A Closer Look at the Confederation of the Rhine." German Studies Review, volume 6, number 1 (February 1983), pages 9-39.
Schmitt, Hans A. "Prussia's Last Fling: The Annexation of Hanover, Hesse, Frankfurt, and Nassau, June 15 - October 8, 1866." Central European History, volume 8, number 4 (December 1975), pages 316-347.
Schneider, Carl E. "The Genius of the Reformed Church in the United States: A Genetic Appraisal of her Uniion with the Evangelical Synod of North America." The Journal of Religion, volume 15, number 1 (January 1935), pages 26-41.
Schneider, Carl E. The German Church on the American Frontier: A Study in the Rise of Religion Among the Germans of the West: Based on the History of the Evangelischer Kirchenverein des Westens, 1840-1866. St. Louis, Missouri: Eden Publishing House, 1939.
Schneider, Carl E. "The Origin of the German Evangelical Synod of North America." Church History, volume 4, number 4 (December 1935), pages 268-281.
Schneider, Dorothee. "Naturalization and United States Citizenship in Two Periods of Mass Migration: 1890-1930, 1965-2000." Journal of American Ethnic History, volume 21, number 1 (Fall 2001), pages 50-82.
Schoppenhorst, Heinrich Adolph. The Writings of Honorable H. A. Schoppenhorst (1840-1930). Compiled by Cathie Schoppenhorst. Marthasville, Missouri: C. Schoppenhorst, 2000.
Schoppenhorst, Martin. Ladbergen in Alten Ansichten. Zaltbommel, The Netherlands: Europäische Bibliothek, 1983.
Schory, Albert. Geschichte der Deutschen Evangelischen Synode von Nord-Amerika. St. Charles, Missouri: Verlag der Deutschen Evangelischen Synode von Nord-Amerika, 1889.
Schücking, Lothar Engelbert. Die Fürstentümer Münster und Osnabrück unter französischer Herrschaft: Kulturgeschichtliche Bilder nach Magistratsakten, Zeitungen und Familienpapieren.. Münster: E. Obertüschens Buchhandlung A. Schultze, 1904.
Seccombe, Wally. A Millennium of Family Change: Feudalism to Capitalism in Northwestern Europe. London: Verson, 1992.
Shelley, Jane, and Elsie M. Wasser. Madison County Illinois Marriage Records Index. 4 volumes. Edwardsville, Illinois: J. Shelley and E. M. Wasser, 1984-1986.
Shelley, Jane, and Elsie M. Wasser. Naturalization and Intentions of Madison County, Illinois: An Index, 1816-1900. Edwardsville, Illinois: J. Shelley and E. M. Wasser, 1983.
Simkins, Joshua Dean. Early History of Auglaize County. St. Mary's Ohio: the author, 1901.
Simpson, Matthew, editor. Cyclopedia of Methodism: Embracing Sketches of Its Rise, Progress, And Present Condition, with Biographical Notices and Numerous Illustrations. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Everts & Stewart, 1878.
Smith, Kenneth L. German Church Books: Beyond the Basics. Revised edition. Rockport, Maine: Picton Press, 1999.
Smith, T. Lynn. Brazil: People and Institutions. 4th edition. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 1972.
Smith, T. Lynn. "Land Tenure in Brazil." The Journal of Land & Public Utility Economics, volume 20, number 3 (August 1944), pages 194-201.
Smith, T. Lynn. "Studies of Colonization and Settlement." Latin American Research Review, volume 4, number 1 (Spring 1969), pages 93-123.
Social Register of Saint Joseph, Missouri. Compiled by Mrs. Laurence O. Weakley. [St. Joseph, Missouri]: Combe Printing Company, 1903.
Soldiers' and Citizens' Album of Biographical Record Containing Personal Sketches of Army Men and Citizens Prominent in Loyalty to the Union; also a Chronological and Statisitcal History of the Civil War, and a History of the Grand Army of the Republic, with Portraits of Soldiers and Prominent Citizens. Chicago, Illinois: Grand Army Publishing Company, 1888.
- Note: The biographical sketches in this book are of citizens of Wisconsin. There are also very brief historical accounts of the Wisconsin Departments of the Grand Army of the Republic and of the Womans's Relief Corps.
- Note: A different printing of this book was made in 1890.
Souvenir of the Ninetieth Anniversary of the Organization of German Methodism. Cincinnati, Ohio: Published by authorization of the Central German Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church [The Methodist Book Concern?], 1928.
Sperber, Jonathan. The European Revolutions, 1848-1851. 2nd edition. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 2005.
Sperber, Jonathan. Rhineland Radicals: The Democratic Movement and the Revolution of 1848-1849. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1991.
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Springer, Jessie Evelyn. Charles Springer of Cranehook-on-the-Delaware: His Descendants and Allied Families. Edwardsville, Illinois: Jessie Evelyn Springer, 1959.
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Stapenhorst, A. H. Brochterbeck und Siene Evangelische Gemeinde. 1912.
Stedman, Thomas Lathropage Stedman's Shorter Medical Dictionary for the Use of Doctors, Pre-medical Students, Graduate and Student Nurses, Dentists and Dental Students, and of the General Public, with Revised Time Table of Infectious Diseases. Revised and enlarged. Chicago, Illinois: Wilcox & Follett Company, 1942.
Stern, Gail F., edior. Freedom's Doors: Immigrant Ports of Entry to the United States. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: The Balch Institute Press, 1986.
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Thoburn, Joseph B. A Standard History of Oklahoma: An Authentic Narrative of its Developments from the Date of the First European Explorationdown to the Present Time, including Accounts of the Indian Tribes, both Civilized and Wild,of the Cattle Range, of the Land Openings and the Achievements of the most Recent Period. Chicago and New York: The American Historical Society, 1916.
• Note: A biographical sketch of Philip Ernst Winter (1859-1934) may be found in volume 3, pages 1,175-1,176.
Thode, Ernest. German-English Genealogical Dictionary. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1992.
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United States of Brazil: A Geographical Sketch, With Special Reference to Economic Conditions and Prospects of Future Development. Compiled by the Bureau of the American Republics. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1901.
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Vellinho, Moyses. Brazil South: Its Conquest and Settlement. Translation of Capitania d'El-Rei from the Portuguese by Linton Lomas Barrett & Marie McDavid Barrett. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1968.
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• Note: F. W. Fiegenbaum is mentioned on page 507 in connection with the Zion German Methodist Society of West St. Paul, Minnesota.
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• On the basis of content on pages 15 and 63, this publication could not have been created prior to 1966.
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Williamson, C. W. History of Western Ohio and Auglaize County with Illustrations and Biographical Sketches of Pioneers and Prominent Public Men. Columbus, Ohio: Press of W. M. Linn & Sons, 1905.
Wills, Charles Wright. Army Life of an Illinois Soldier, Including a Day by Day Record of Sherman's March to the Sea; Letters and Diary of the Late Charles W. Wills, Private and Sergeant 8th Illinois Infantry; Lieutenant and Battalion Adjutant 7th Illinois Cavalry; Captain, Major and Lieutenant Colonel 103rd Illinois Infantry. Compiled and Published by his Sister [Mary E. Kellogg]. Washington, D.C.: Globe Printing Company, 1906.
Winter, Nevin Otto. A History of Northwest Ohio: A Narrative Account of Its Historical Progress and Development from the First European Exploration of the Maumee and Sandusky Valleys and the Adjacent Shores of Lake Erie, Down to the Present Time. 3 volumes. Chicago, Illinois & New York, New York: Lewis Publishing Company, 1917.
Woestemeyer, John A., compiler. Woestemeyer Family Genealogy. St. Paul, Minnesota: L. F. Knowles, 1940.
Woestemeyer, John A., et al, compilers. Woestemeyer Family Association: Genealogy, Book 2, 1940-1950. St. Paul, Minnesota: L. F. Knowles, 1950.
Woodard, W. S. Annals of Methodism in Missouri, Containing an Outline of the Ministerial Life of More Than One Thousand Preachers, and Sketches of More Than Three Hundred, Also Sketches of Charges, Churches and Laymen from the Beginning in 1806 to the Centennial Year, 1884, Containing Seventy-eight Years of History. Columbia, Missouri: E. W. Stephens, Publisher and Binder, 1893.
Woodlawn Cemetery, St. Louis St., Edwardsville, IL: an Inventory of the Five Original Sections Recorded by Members of the Madison County Genealogical Society, 1995-1998. Compiled and edited by Marie Thompson Eberle. Edwardsville, Illinois: Madison County Genealogical Society, 1999.
Woodruff, Howard W., Mrs., editor. The Marriage Records of Franklin County, Missouri: books "A" & "B," 1819-1858. Kansas City, Missouri: Mrs. H. W. Woodruff, 1969.
Woodruff, Howard W., Mrs., editor. The Marriage Records of Warren County, Missouri: Books "A" and "B," 1833-1860. Kansas City, Missouri: Mrs. Howard W. Woodruff, 1969.
Woodruff, Howard W., Mrs., editor. Marriage Records, Osage County, Missouri: Book "A" 1841-1861. Kansas City, Missouri: Mrs. Howard W. Woodruff, 1970.
Woodruff, Howard W., Mrs., editor. Marriage Records, Perry County, Missouri; Book "A" 1825-1842. Independence, Missouri: Mrs. Howard W. Woodruff, 1971.
Woodruff, Howard W., Mrs., editor. Marriage Records, Ste. Genevieve County, Missouri, Book "A", 1807-1827 & 1842-1866. Kansas City, Missouri: Mrs. Howard W. Woodruff, 1970.
Wrasmann, Adolf. Das Heuerlingswesen im Fürstentum Osnabrück. 2 volumes. Osnabrück: 1919-1921.
• From the series: Mitteilungen des Vereins für Geschichte und Landeskunde von Osnabrück. Bände 42 & 44.
Writers' Program of the Work Projects Administration in the State of Missouri. Missouri, a Guide to the "Show Me" State. Compiled by Workers of the Writers' Program of the Work Projects Administration in the State of Missouri. Sponsored by the Missouri State Highway Department. New York: Duell, Sloan and Pearce, 1941.
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Young, Raymond A. Cultivating Cooperation: A History of the Missouri Farmers Association. Columbia, Missouri: University of Missouri Press, 1995.
Young, William. Young's History of Lafayette County, Missouri. 2 Volumes. Indianapolis, Indiana: B. F. Bowen & Company, 1910.
• Available digitally at: State of Missouri. Office of the Secretary of State. Missouri Digital Heritage Initiative.
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Zimmerman, Gary J., & Marion Wolfert. German Immigrants: Lists Of Passengers Bound From Bremen to New York, 1847-1854, With Places of Origin. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1985.